The Associations of SSB Intake During Infancy With SSB Intake ≥1 Time/d at 6 y of Age, IFPS II, 2005–2007 and Y6FU Study, 2012 (n = 1333)

SSB Intake During InfancybSSB Intake ≥1 Time/d at 6 y of Agea
Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)c
Any SSB intake during infancy
 No SSBsReferenceReference
 Any SSBs2.61d (1.91–3.57)2.22d (1.59–3.10)
Age at SSB introduction during infancy
 Never consumed SSBs during infancyReferenceReference
 SSB introduction at or after 6 mo2.61d (1.84–3.71)2.33d (1.61–3.38)
 SSB introduction before 6 mo2.61d (1.62–4.23)2.01d (1.23–3.30)
Mean SSB intake during 10 to 12 mo of age
 No SSBsReferenceReference
 <1 time/wk1.81 (0.89–3.68)1.68 (0.79–3.61)
 1 to <3 times/wk3.04d (1.78–5.17)2.72d (1.57–4.72)
 ≥3 times/wk3.05d (1.90–4.92)2.57d (1.56–4.23)
  • a SSBs at age 6 y include regular soda, sweetened drinks such as Kool-Aid, lemonade, sweet tea, Hi-C, cranberry cocktail, Gatorade, and others. Reference group was SSB intake <1 time/d.

  • b SSBs during infancy include juice drinks, soft drinks, soda, sweet tea, Kool-Aid, and others.

  • c Models adjusted for child’s gender, child’s birth weight, breastfeeding duration, maternal age, maternal race/ethnicity, maternal education, marital status, income-to-poverty ratio, pre-pregnancy BMI, and parity.

  • d Significant findings are based on the 95% CI (ie, the CI does not include 1).