TABLE 3

Average Difference in the Mean CSHQ TS and Subscale Scores by Final Classification for Children Whose Caregiver Completed 100% of the CSHQ

Mean (SD)Adjusted Mean Difference (95% CI)
ASD (n = 522)DD w/ASD (n = 228)DD w/o ASD (n = 534)POP (n = 703)ASD Versus DD w/ASDASD Versus DD w/o ASDASD Versus POP
CSHQ TS48.5 (9.7)50.4 (9.8)44.4 (7.3)43.3 (6.7)−1.1 (−2.9 to 0.7)3.5 (2.0 to 4.9)**4.4 (2.9 to 5.8)**
Bedtime resistance9.6 (3.5)10.1 (3.4)8.5 (2.9)8.1 (2.8)−0.4 (−1.1 to 0.3)0.7 (0.1 to 1.2)*0.9 (0.3 to 1.5)**
Sleep onset delay1.7 (0.8)1.7 (0.8)1.4 (0.6)1.4 (0.6)0.0 (−0.1 to 0.2)0.2 (0.1 to 0.4)**0.3 (0.1 to 0.4)**
Sleep duration4.2 (1.7)4.3 (1.6)3.7 (1.2)3.6 (1.0)−0.1 (−0.4 to 0.2)0.4 (0.1 to 0.6)**0.5 (0.2 to 0.7)**
Sleep anxiety6.3 (2.1)6.5 (2.3)5.7 (1.9)5.5 (1.8)0.0 (−0.5 to 0.4)0.6 (0.2 to 1.0)**0.8 (0.4 to 1.1)**
Night waking4.5 (1.7)4.7 (1.7)4.1 (1.4)3.9 (1.3)−0.1 (−0.5 to 0.2)0.3 (0.1 to 0.6)*0.5 (0.2 to 0.8)**
Parasomnias9.5 (2.1)9.5 (2.3)8.8 (1.7)8.6 (1.6)0.2 (−0.3 to 0.6)0.8 (0.5 to 1.1)**1.0 (0.6 to 1.3)**
Sleep disordered breathing3.6 (1.0)3.6 (1.0)3.4 (0.9)3.3 (0.7)0.0 (−0.2 to 0.2)0.1 (0.0 to 0.3)*0.2 (0.1 to 0.4)*
Daytime sleepiness12.5 (3.4)13.4 (3.5)11.8 (2.8)11.8 (2.8)−0.6 (−1.3 to 0.1)0.6 (0.1 to 1.2)*0.6 (0.1 to 1.2)*
  • Adjusted for child sex, genetic condition, MSEL score, and age at enrollment and maternal race or ethnicity, education, and income.

  • * P < .024;

  • ** P < .001.