Sample Demographics

Demographic Characteristics
Age, mean (SD)14.53 (1.98)
Sex, % girls52.1
Racial minority, %43.0
 African American31.9
 Mixed race9.9
 Asian American, Alaskan native, or Pacific Islander1.2
 Hispanic or Latino6.0
SES z score, mean (SD), range0.04 (0.98), −2.61 to 1.60
Collateral relationship, %
 Mother or mother figure87.0
 Father or father figure10.2
  • N = 5137. SES represents the standardized factor score derived from a factor analytic study of neighborhood-level census and crime data.13