TABLE 2

Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy or Parental Smoking During Infancy and Overall Risk of Developing Asthma, Rhinitis, or Eczema up to 16 y of Age Among Children in the BAMSE Birth Cohort (n = 3798)a

Maternal Smoking During PregnancybParental Smoking During Infancyb
Prevalent CasesIncident CasesPrevalent CasesIncident Cases
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Asthma1.45 (1.12−1.87)1.34 (1.04−1.73)1.26 (0.99−1.61)1.10 (0.83−1.46)
Rhinitis1.03 (0.84−1.27)1.08 (0.88−1.33)1.22 (1.02−1.46)1.19 (0.98−1.45)
Eczema1.07 (0.89−1.30)0.99 (0.82−1.20)1.24 (1.04−1.47)1.03 (0.83−1.29)
  • a ORs and 95% CIs obtained from generalized estimating equation analyses.

  • b Adjusted for gender, parental allergic disease, socioeconomic status, and parental smoking throughout childhood.