TABLE 3

Resuscitation Medications for Use in Pediatric Patients in EDs

Adenosine
Amiodarone
Atropine
Calcium chloride and/or calcium gluconate
Epinephrine (1 mg/mL [IM] and 0.1 mg/mL [IV] solutions)a
Lidocaine
Procainamide
Sodium bicarbonate (4.2%)b
Vasopressor agents (eg, dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine)
  • For a more complete list of medications used in a pediatric ED, see Winkelman et al.75 IM, intramuscular; IV, intravenous.

  • a The formerly epinephrine 1:1000 solution is now 1 mg/mL for IM use or inhalation; the 1:10 000 solution is now 0.1 mg/mL for IV use.

  • b If only sodium bicarbonate 8.4% is available, may dilute 1:1 with normal saline before administration in children <2 y of age.