TABLE 3

Receipt of Health Care Provider Advice by Sociodemographic, Behavioral, and Health Care Characteristics, 29 States, PRAMS, 2016

Type of Advice Received From a Health Care Worker on Infant Sleep Practices
Received Advice to Place Infant on Back to Sleep (n = 33 291)Received Advice to Place Infant to Sleep in a Crib, Bassinet, or Pack and Play (n = 33 193)Received Advice to Place Infant’s Crib or Bed in Mother’s Room (n = 33 014)Received Advice on What Should and Should Not Go in Bed With Infants (n = 33 200)
Weighted % (95% CI)χ2PWeighted % (95% CI)χ2PWeighted % (95% CI)χ2PWeighted % (95% CI)χ2P
Total92.6 (92.1–93.0)83.5 (82.8–84.2)48.8 (47.9–49.7)85.0 (84.3–85.6)
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Maternal age, y.023.012<.001<.001
  <2089.4 (86.4–91.8)86.6 (83.4–89.3)56.1 (51.8–60.3)88.1 (84.7–90.7)
  20–2491.6 (90.2–92.7)84.3 (82.6–85.8)52.6 (50.5–54.6)88.2 (86.8–89.6)
  25–2992.8 (91.8–93.7)84.0 (82.8–85.2)48.7 (47.1–50.3)85.7 (84.5–86.9)
  30–3493.4 (92.5–94.3)83.4 (82.1–84.6)46.5 (45.0–48.1)83.8 (82.6–85.0)
  ≥3592.6 (91.4–93.6)81.3 (79.6–82.9)46.7 (44.7–48.7)81.4 (79.7–82.9)
 Maternal race and ethnicity<.001<.001<.001<.001
  Non-Hispanic white94.7 (94.1–95.2)85.0 (84.2–85.8)44.3 (43.2–45.4)85.0 (84.2–85.9)
  Non-black93.8 (92.4–95.0)87.1 (85.1–88.9)60.0 (57.6–62.3)90.4 (88.7–91.8)
  Hispanic89.1 (87.6–90.4)78.9 (77.1–80.6)52.7 (50.7–54.8)83.3 (81.7–84.9)
  Non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native92.7 (90.9–94.2)78.3 (74.9–81.3)51.3 (47.0–55.5)86.3 (83.4–88.8)
  Non-Hispanic Asian or Pacific Islander85.1 (82.3–87.5)80.3 (77.6–82.7)51.5 (48.1–55.0)79.7 (76.8–82.4)
  Non-Hispanic multiple races93.3 (89.8–95.7)85.7 (81.6–88.9)44.5 (39.3–49.8)84.6 (79.9–88.3)
 Maternal education<.001<.001<.001.078
  Less than high school86.3 (84.3–88.1)80.2 (77.9–82.3)59.6 (57.0–62.1)84.5 (82.5–86.3)
  High school diploma or GED90.5 (89.3–91.7)82.0 (80.4–83.5)49.9 (48.0–51.8)84.7 (83.1–86.1)
  Some college or associate’s degree93.5 (92.6–94.4)85.4 (84.1–86.5)47.4 (45.7–49.0)86.4 (85.1–87.5)
  Bachelor’s degree or higher95.5 (94.9–96.0)84.4 (83.3–85.4)45.3 (43.9–46.6)84.4 (83.4–85.4)
 Marital status.002.005<.001<.001
  Married93.2 (92.6–93.8)82.8 (81.9–83.6)45.6 (44.6–46.7)83.6 (82.8–84.4)
  Unmarried91.5 (90.6–92.3)84.8 (83.7–85.8)54.1 (52.7–55.6)87.2 (86.2–88.2)
 Gestational age at delivery, wk<.001<.001<.001<.001
  <3495.3 (93.9–96.4)91.1 (89.0–92.8)59.4 (56.1–62.6)94.2 (92.6–95.5)
  34–3694.8 (93.4–95.9)87.1 (84.9–89.0)53.5 (50.5–56.5)87.4 (85.2–89.4)
  ≥3792.4 (91.8–92.9)83.1 (82.4–83.8)48.3 (47.3–49.2)84.6 (83.9–85.3)
Behavioral characteristics
 Current breastfeeding<.001.125.090.127
  No91.5 (90.6–92.2)84.1 (83.1–85.1)49.5 (48.2–50.8)85.5 (84.5–86.4)
  Yes93.5 (92.9–94.1)83.0 (82.1–83.9)48.0 (46.8–49.2)84.5 (83.6–85.3)
 Current maternal smoking.850<.001.854.003
  No92.6 (92.0–93.1)83.1 (82.3–83.8)48.8 (47.9–49.8)84.7 (84.0–85.4)
  Yes92.7 (91.2–94.0)87.0 (85.1–88.7)48.6 (46.0–51.2)87.5 (85.7–89.1)
Health care characteristics
 WIC participation during pregnancy<.001.027<.001<.001
  No93.5 (92.8–94.0)82.9 (82.1–83.8)44.4 (43.3–45.5)84.0 (83.1–84.8)
  Yes91.2 (90.3–92.0)84.5 (83.4–85.6)56.1 (54.6–57.5)86.6 (85.5–87.6)
 Timing of prenatal care initiation<.001<.001.004.002
  First trimester93.4 (92.8–93.8)84.2 (83.5–84.9)48.1 (47.2–49.1)85.5 (84.8–86.1)
  Late or no prenatal care88.0 (86.1–89.7)79.3 (77.0–81.4)52.2 (49.6–54.8)82.0 (79.8–84.0)
 Insurance coverage at delivery
  Private95.1 (94.5–95.5)<.00184.6 (83.7–85.4)<.00143.9 (42.8–45.0)<.00184.7 (83.8–85.5)<.001
  Medicaid90.4 (89.4–91.2)83.4 (82.2–84.5)54.8 (53.4–56.2)85.9 (84.9–86.9)
  Uninsured81.4 (76.7–85.4)64.5 (58.9–69.8)49.5 (43.9–55.0)74.2 (69.0–78.8)
  • Data are from Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. CI, confidence interval; GED, general equivalency diploma; —, not applicable.