TABLE 1

Rates of Severe Injuries, Fractures, and Season-Ending Injuries in High School Sports

Injury TypeSportRate per 1000 AEs
Severea
 Boys
Football0.69
Wrestling0.52
Basketball0.24
Baseball0.19
Soccer0.25
 Girls
Basketball0.34
Soccer0.33
Volleyball0.15
Softball0.18
Fracture
 Boys
Football0.44
Ice hockey0.31
Lacrosse0.26
Wrestling0.23
Soccer0.20
Basketball0.16
Baseball0.15
Track and field0.02
Swimming or diving0.00
 Girls
Lacrosse0.26
Basketball0.16
Softball0.15
Gymnastics0.15
Soccer0.14
Field hockey0.14
Cheerleading0.07
Volleyball0.06
Track and field0.03
Swimming or diving0.003
Season ending
 Boys
Football0.26
Wrestling0.17
Lacrosse0.16
Ice hockey0.12
Soccer0.10
Basketball0.069
Baseball0.056
Cross country0.021
Track and field0.018
Volleyball0.018
Swimming or diving0.002
 Girls
Soccer0.16
Basketball0.11
Lacrosse0.093
Softball0.068
Field hockey0.061
Cross country0.056
Track and field0.048
Volleyball0.040
Cheerleading0.033
Gymnastics0.019
Swimming or diving0.005
  • Adapted from Darrow et al17; Swenson et al12; and Tirabassi et al.16 AE, athletic exposure.

  • a Severe injury is defined as any injury resulting in ≥21 days of time lost from sport.