TABLE 3

Salary Gaps for Women Pediatricians

Authors, Publication ySourcesCohortGenderResultsPay GapComment
Multiinstitution research studies
 Weaver et al, 201550Society of Hospital Medicine and 3 multisite hospitalist groups776 hospitalists, including 113 pediatric specialists513 (66.1%) men, 263 (33.9%) women, including pediatricians numbering 57 (50.4%) men and 56 (49.6%) womenSalary gap of $14 581 for women hospitalists and $31 126 for women pediatric hospitalists after adjusting for covariatesYes
 Jena et al, 20165124 publicly funded medical schools1285 pediatricians661 (51.4%) men, 624 (48.6%) womenSalary gap of $24 553 (95% CI $13 058–$36 047) after adjusting for covariatesYesCalculated sixth-largest gap as percentage of adjusted income among 18 specialties52
 Pallant et al, 201953Academic institutions149 pediatric program directors who were active members of the Association of Pediatric Program Directors67 (45%) men, 82 (55%) womenWomen had lower salaries after adjusting for covariatesYesGender was a significant predictor of salary
 Frintner et al, 201954AAP Pediatrician Life and Career Experience Study participants998 early and midcareer pediatricians working in general pediatrics or hospitalist or subspecialty care264 (26.5%) men, 734 (73.5%) womenSalary gap of $7997 after adjusting for covariates, including labor force, physician-specific job, and work-family characteristicsYes
Single-institution research studies
 Darbar et al, 201148Vanderbilt University Department of Pediatrics112 pediatricians at 1 academic institution; full-time and part-time70 (62%) men, 42 (38%) womenNo significant difference (detailed salary data not given)No
 Rotbart et al, 201249University of Colorado Department of Pediatrics158 promotional-track physicians; salaries corrected to 1.0 FTE91 (57.6%) men, 67 (42.4%) women72% of women and 51% of men received pay below the Association of Administrators in Academic Pediatrics national median when matched for rank, years at rank, and subspecialtyYes
National physician surveys
 Medscape, 201955,56National physician survey of Medscape members19 328 US physicians across 30+ specialtiesAmong physicians, ∼12 370 (64%) men and 6958 (36%) women, 10% of whom were pediatricians. Among ∼1933 pediatricians, there were ∼773 men (40%) and 1160 women (60%)Women earned less than men, with men earning 25% more among primary care physicians, 33% more among specialists, and 25% among pediatricians (∼$51 000)Yes
 Doximity, 20196,57National physician survey∼90 000 full-time US physiciansGender breakdown unknownSalary gap of 25.2% overall, 20% in pediatricsYesPediatrics had the third-lowest annual compensation and fifth-largest gender pay gap of 40 medical specialties
  • CI, confidence interval; FTE, full-time equivalent; —, not applicable.