TABLE 4

External (Non-CDC) Laboratory Results for Confirmed Pediatric AFM Cases, United States, 2015–2017

CSFaSerum or PlasmaaRespiratoryStool or Rectal Swab
No. Positive, No. Tested (% Positive)No. Positive, No. Tested (% Positive)No. Positive, No. Tested (% Positive)No. Positive, No. Tested (% Positive)
No. patients with specimens tested17012315178
EV/RV4, 152 (3)b61, 134 (46)22, 42 (52)
 CV-A11 (2)
 CV-A161 (2)
 EV-D6810 (7)3 (7)
 RV-2 and RV-41 (0)
 RV untyped5 (4)
 EV/RV untyped4 (3)b45 (34)17 (40)
 EV untyped2c
Adenovirus PCR6, 111 (5)2d
Influenza virus PCR1, 111 (1)
Herpes simplex virus PCR0, 132 (0)
Varicella zoster virus PCR0, 65 (0)
Cytomegalovirus PCR0, 74 (0)
West Nile virus PCR0, 49 (0)0, 22 (0)
West Nile virus IgM0, 50 (0)3, 56 (5)
Other6e4f9g2h
  • —, not applicable.

  • a No CSF or serum specimens tested positive for EV/RV in 2017.

  • b Three of the 4 specimens were submitted to the CDC for typing. Two were negative for EV/RV, and 1 tested positive for CV-A16 at the CDC.

  • c From other testing, so there was no denominator.

  • d From other testing, so there was no denominator, and 1 specimen tested positive for adenovirus plus astrovirus, sappovirus, enteroaggregative Escherichia coli, and Clostridium difficile.

  • e One case of adenovirus, 3 cases of Epstein-Barr virus, 1 case of human herpesvirus 6, and 1 case of mycoplasma were detected.

  • f Three cases of mycoplasma and 1 case of CV-B were detected.

  • g One specimen was positive for respiratory syncytial virus and parainfluenza 3, and 2 cases of parainfluenza 2, 1 case of human metapneumovirus, 2 cases of coronavirus, and 3 cases of respiratory syncytial virus were detected.

  • h One specimen was positive for norovirus and C difficile, and 1 specimen was positive for enteropathogenic E coli.