TABLE 2

Sample Characteristics for the Child, Parent, and Household

CharacteristicsTotal Sample, n (%)a
All1372 (100)
Child
 Age, y
  <3772 (56.3)
  3–10337 (24.6)
  >10263 (19.2)
 Race
  White833 (61.5)
  African American465 (34.3)
  Other57 (4.2)
 Primary insurer
  Private595 (43.4)
  Public or self-pay777 (56.6)
 Length of stay, d
  0–1225 (16.4)
  2–3824 (60.1)
  4–13323 (23.5)
Parent
 Woman1233 (89.9)
 Marital status
  Single, widowed, separated, or divorced535 (39.0)
  Married or living with partner837 (61.0)
  Education less than college degree1001 (73.0)
 No. parents employed
  0171 (12.5)
  1563 (41.1)
  2638 (46.6)
 Type of parent employment
  1 working parent, full-time96 (7.0)
  1 working parent, part-time55 (4.0)
  >1 working parent, ≥2 full-time414 (30.2)
  >1 working parent, 1 full-time556 (40.5)
  >1 working parent, no full-time251 (18.3)
Work flexibility1072 (78.4)
Household
 Adults in the household
  1277 (20.2)
  2851 (62.0)
  ≥3244 (17.8)
 Children in the household
  1330 (24.2)
  2488 (35.8)
  ≥3546 (40.0)
 Household income, $
  <15 000290 (21.2)
  15 000–29 999250 (18.3)
  30 000–44 999184 (13.5)
  45 000–59 999149 (10.9)
  60 000–89 999185 (13.5)
  90 000–119 999127 (9.3)
  ≥120 000181 (13.3)
 Reported financial hardshipsb
  0426 (31.0)
  1–2485 (35.3)
  ≥3461 (33.6)
 Reported social hardshipsc
  0851 (62.3)
  1–2516 (37.7)
  • a There are 17 observations with missing data in the race category, 4 in work flexibility, 8 in children in the household, 1 in education, 6 in income and 5 in social hardships.

  • b Questions were related to the following: difficulty making ends meet, unable to find work, unable to pay rent or mortgage, unable to pay utilities, does not own a home, does not own a car, borrowed money, or moved in with others.

  • c Questions were related to the following: little or no help from family or friends if needed or cannot get a $1000 loan if needed.