TABLE 2

TSE and Related Symptoms and Other Health Indicators Among Adolescents, PATH Study Wave 2 (2014–2015)

TSE-Related Symptom or Health IndicatorLives With Smoker (n = 1868)Home TSE (n = 1338)TSE ≥1 h (n = 2554)
No, n (%)aYes, n (%)aaOR (95% CI)bNo, n (%)aYes, n (%)aaOR (95% CI)bNo, n (%)aYes, n (%)aaOR (95% CI)b
Shortness of breath
 No4668 (86.3)752 (13.7)Reference5101 (86.2)830 (13.8)Reference4012 (87.1)605 (12.9)Reference
 Yes1466 (78.5)393 (21.5)1.69 (1.50–1.90)**1016 (75.9)311 (24.1)1.96 (1.72–2.23)**2022 (79.6)521 (20.4)1.75 (1.56–1.96)**
Harder to exercise
 No4544 (84.2)842 (15.8)Reference4969 (84.1)926 (15.9)Reference3912 (85.0)679 (15.0)Reference
 Yes1488 (79.8)363 (20.2)1.30 (1.16–1.47)**1051 (78.5)274 (21.5)1.46 (1.28–1.67)**2025 (79.5)508 (20.5)1.44 (1.29–1.60)**
Wheezing during or after exercise
 No4983 (91.7)450 (8.3)Reference5429 (91.3)514 (8.7)Reference4281 (92.5)353 (7.5)Reference
 Yes1617 (86.6)246 (13.4)1.84 (1.59–2.13)**1153 (86.7)179 (13.3)1.66 (1.42–1.95)**2212 (86.7)332 (13.3)1.98 (1.73–2.28)**
Wheezing or whistling in chest
 No308 (46.8)342 (53.2)Reference327 (44.4)406 (55.6)Reference224 (44.8)265 (55.2)Reference
 Yes111 (35.2)201 (64.8)1.80 (1.40–2.31)**92 (39.6)132 (60.4)1.39 (1.05–1.82)*186 (41.2)267 (58.8)1.19 (0.95–1.51)
Wheezing that disturbs sleep
 No33 (9.8)298 (90.2)Reference34 (9.0)357 (91.0)Reference25 (9.7)234 (90.3)Reference
 Yes21 (11.6)173 (88.4)1.58 (0.92–2.70)20 (15.4)109 (84.6)1.92 (1.09–3.45)*27 (11.0)228 (89.0)1.59 (0.92–2.70)
Wheezing that limits speech
 No272 (81.1)66 (18.9)Reference325 (81.2)77 (18.8)Reference211 (80.0)51 (20.0)Reference
 Yes156 (76.4)45 (23.6)1.28 (0.87–1.90)99 (74.3)33 (25.7)1.25 (0.82–1.92)206 (77.9)60 (22.1)1.04 (0.71–1.53)
Dry cough at night
 No4924 (90.6)516 (9.4)Reference5341 (89.8)603 (10.2)Reference4240 (91.4)397 (8.6)Reference
 Yes1573 (84.5)290 (15.5)1.66 (1.44–1.90)**1137 (86.0)198 (14.0)1.34 (1.15–1.57)**2153 (84.9)394 (15.1)1.87 (1.64–2.13)**
Overall health status
 No1342 (23.5)4111 (76.5)Reference1493 (23.7)4470 (76.3)Reference1091 (22.1)3556 (77.9)Reference
 Yes601 (31.7)1260 (68.3)0.68 (0.62–0.76)**446 (33.9)887 (66.1)0.62 (0.56–0.70)**820 (31.8)1726 (68.2)0.63 (0.57–0.69)**
Physical health status
 No1226 (21.3)4228 (78.7)Reference1351 (21.4)4611 (78.6)Reference1037 (21.0)3611 (79.0)Reference
 Yes555 (29.1)1304 (70.9)0.70 (0.63–0.78)**425 (31.8)908 (68.2)0.61 (0.54–0.68)**720 (27.4)1823 (72.6)0.71 (0.65–0.79)**
Missed school because of illness
 No4454 (82.7)981 (17.3)Reference4843 (82.1)1103 (17.9)Reference3824 (83.3)804 (16.7)Reference
 Yes1389 (74.4)475 (25.6)1.51 (1.35–1.69)**984 (73.9)348 (26.1)1.53 (1.35–1.73)**1925 (75.8)624 (24.2)1.47 (1.33–1.63)**
  • a n refers to raw scores and percentages that are weighted.

  • b Logistic regression controlling for adolescent sex, age, race, ethnicity, and parent education level.

  • * P < .05; ** P < .001.