TABLE 4

Calculated DCBi Across Measured Sociodemographic Characteristics

CharacteristicsTotal DCBi, Median (IQR), %Pa
All45 (12.8–149.5)
Child
 Age, y.17
  <344.9 (13.9–146.5)
  3–1053.3 (13.8–176.4)
  >1036.9 (11.2–132.3)
 Race<.01b
  White34.2 (10.3–121.5)
  African American70.8 (22.1–190.9)
  Other79.5 (11–219)
 Primary insurer<.01b
  Private17.6 (8.6–82.4)
  Public or self-pay81.5 (27.9–196)
Parent
 Sex.02b
  Female47.9 (13.1–152.2)
  Male25.8 (9.4–118.7)
 Marital status<.01b
  Single, widowed, separated, or divorced77.6 (22.7–193)
  Married or living with partner33 (10–120.5)
 Education<.01b
  Less than a college degree72.1 (22.9–178.8)
  College or graduate degree12.1 (6.8–47.5)
 No. parents employed<.01b
  032.3 (15.5–86.6)
  158.9 (18.7–176.2)
  240 (10–148.6)
 Type of parent employment<.01b
  1 working parent, full-time102.9 (28.2–251.6)
  1 working parent, part-time155.1 (37.6–280.2)
  >1 working parent, ≥2 full-time27.7 (9.1–129)
  >1 working parent, 1 full-time45.8 (14.7–150)
  >1 working parent, no full-time44.2 (17.8–104.8)
 Work flexibility<.01b
  Yes40.8 (11.3–147.9)
  No92 (36.9–213.8)
Household
 Adults in the household<.01b
  173.4 (20.9–219.5)
  238.4 (10.9–130)
  ≥340.6 (13.9–144.8)
 Children in the household.08
  138.2 (12.3–160.5)
  241.5 (10.4–127.7)
  ≥350.6 (16.3–153.5)
 Reported financial hardshipsc<.01b
  014.8 (7.1–54.3)
  1–264.5 (17.7–157.7)
  ≥386.4 (30.7–214.7)
 Reported social hardshipsd<.01b
  032.8 (9.9–115.3)
  1–270.3 (25.2–217.2)
  • —, not applicable.

  • a P values were obtained by using the Kruskal-Wallis test.

  • b Indicates adjusted FDR P value <.05.23

  • c Questions were related to the following: difficulty making ends meet, unable to find work, unable to pay rent or mortgage, unable to pay utilities, does not own a home, does not own a car, borrowed money, or moved in with others.

  • d Questions were related to the following: little or no help from family or friends if needed or cannot get a $1000 loan if needed.