TABLE 3

TCB for the Entire Hospitalization and DCB, Composed of Earnings Lost and Other Nonmedical Expenditures, Measured Across Sociodemographic Characteristics

CharacteristicsTCB, Median (IQR), $PaDaily Earnings Loss, Median (IQR), $PaDaily Additional Expenditure, Median (IQR), $PaTotal DCB, Median (IQR), $Pa
All112.8 (40–321.5)0 (0–139)29.8 (16.7–47.4)51.4 (23.6–159.2)
Child
 Age, y<.01b.13.08<.01b
  <399.9 (35–305.2)0 (0–122.1)29.1 (15.6–46.3)47.5 (21.3–149.2)
  3–10131.8 (44.6–365)0 (0–192.5)32 (18.1–51.4)63 (28.2–223.3)
  >10119.6 (50–344.2)0 (0–133.1)30.7 (18.7–47.1)50.2 (25.9–158.9)
 Race<.01b<.01b<.01b.04
  White122.5 (47.3–344.4)0 (0–130.4)32.3 (19.7–50.7)51.6 (26.2–167.2)
  African American91.4 (31–305)53.6 (0–151.4)25.7 (12.4–42.4)50.5 (17.6–149.8)
  Other88 (45–330.5)0 (0–154.9)33.9 (20.1–58.6)58.6 (25.4–180.5)
 Primary insurer.16<.01b<.01b.91
  Private110 (45–342.9)0 (0–106.6)31.3 (20–47.5)43.9 (25–158.8)
  Public or self-pay116.4 (35.6–313.1)54.3 (0–154.3)28.7 (15.1–47.2)61.5 (20.8–159.4)
Parent
 Sex.45.28.37.91
  Female113.2 (40–324)0 (0–141.5)29.7 (16.6–47.4)51.9 (23.6–163.7)
  Male111.8 (54.6–313)0 (0–104)30.9 (20.8–47.6)48 (24.3–144.1)
 Marital status<.01b<.01b<.01b<.01b
  Single, widowed, separated, or divorced96.8 (30.7–309.1)53.9 (0–151.3)25.8 (12.8–43.4)51.9 (18.8–149.2)
  Married or living with partner120 (46.6–349.1)0 (0–131.3)32.5 (19.7–49.4)51.3 (26.5–172.8)
 Education<.01b<0.01b.45<.01b
  Less than college134.3 (42–349.1)40.4 (0–160.9)30.5 (16.4–49.9)63.8 (25.3–177.7)
  College or graduate73.2 (37.8–232.4)0 (0–0)28.8 (18–43)36.3 (21.6–100.4)
 No. parents employed<.01b.05<.01b<.01b
  038 (18.7–90)0 (0–0)20.8 (9.1–43.2)20.8 (9.1–43.2)
  1120 (42.6–314)0 (0–117.6)30.5 (16.6–46.9)57.8 (26.1–160.1)
  2148.7 (50.5–410)0 (0–159.3)31.3 (19.3–48.6)66.5 (28–211.4)
 Type of parent employment<.01b<.01b<.01b<.01b
  1 working parent, full-time166.7 (57.9–345.5)74 (0–185.5)26.1 (15.6–37.6)107.2 (33.1–211.9)
  1 working parent, part-time190.2 (46.6–317.7)65.8 (0–119.7)27.9 (13.5–40.9)95.9 (35–172.9)
  >1 working parent, ≥2 full-time133.5 (50–421.9)0 (0–158.5)30.4 (18.6–47.8)58.2 (26.5–216.2)
  >1 working parent, 1 full-time133.6 (45.1–340.2)0 (0–125.8)33 (19.3–50)59.5 (26.8–173.3)
  >1 working parent, no full-time50 (20–119.8)0 (0–88.7)23.6 (10.5–45.7)28 (10.6–60.5)
 Work flexibility<.01b.02b<.01b<.01b
  Yes122.1 (45–342.5)0 (0–131.3)29.9 (17.8–47.5)57.7 (25.8–177.8)
  No224.7 (60.9–467.4)55.7 (0–195.5)35.5 (21–50.6)92.2 (44.2–240.6)
Household
 Adults in the household<.01b.01b<.01b.03b
  190 (28–264.3)47.2 (0–139.8)24.7 (11.4–42.3)47.9 (15.7–144.7)
  2111.6 (45–329.1)0 (0–130.7)31.1 (18.1–48)51.4 (24.9–171)
  ≥3135.8 (44.5–363.5)12.9 (0–155)32.3 (18.3–50.4)56.9 (25.9–166.8)
 Children in the household.46.49.32.5
  1100 (36.4–305.7)0 (0–130.6)28.2 (16.3–46.2)49.4 (21.3–160.6)
  2117.4 (43.9–328.8)0 (0–132.6)30.9 (17.8–49.9)51.5 (24.1–154.5)
  ≥3115 (40–337.7)0 (0–154.9)30.6 (16.7–47.1)52.4 (24.5–166.5)
 Household income, $<.01b<.01b<.01b<.01b
  <15 00067.9 (22.8–190.7)0 (0–102.1)25.1 (11–45.4)40.9 (12.6–104.5)
  15 000–29 999155.3 (50–355)66.1 (0–153.2)28.3 (16.6–43)75.8 (28.3–177.2)
  30 000–44 999149.1 (60–394)51.5 (0–179.9)34.5 (18–47.6)93.2 (35.7–209.4)
  45 000–59 999135 (49.5–422.6)26.3 (0–172.3)31.6 (18.1–47.4)64.9 (27.5–209.6)
  60 000–89 999128.2 (47.7–405.5)0 (0–183.7)31.8 (20.7–50.4)57.6 (28.6–212.5)
  90 000–119 99978.6 (40–299.1)0 (0–100.8)30.1 (19.9–47.1)32.7 (22.3–146.4)
  ≥120 00089 (40.8–272.3)0 (0–0)30.7 (18.8–49.8)38.8 (22.1–102.3)
 Reported financial hardshipsc.10<.01b.08.02b
  092.2 (41.3–273)0 (0–56.7)30.9 (19.8–48.3)40.8 (23.9–134.7)
  1–2138 (39.8–373.9)17.1 (0–166.1)28.6 (16.6–43.9)64.4 (25.8–195.5)
  ≥3110 (39.2–310)52.1 (0–142.3)30.6 (14.5–50.4)60.5 (21.2–152.8)
 Reported social hardshipsd.21<.01b.69.13
  0101.1 (40–311.7)0 (0–116.2)29.9 (17.5–47.1)47.1 (23–149.6)
  1–2129.1 (41.5–341)51.9 (0–170.8)29.7 (15.9–47.8)61.2 (24.4–178.9)
  • —, not applicable.

  • a P values were obtained by using the Kruskal-Wallis test.

  • b Indicates adjusted FDR P value <.05.23

  • c Questions were related to the following: difficulty making ends meet, unable to find work, unable to pay rent or mortgage, unable to pay utilities, does not own a home, does not own a car, borrowed money, or moved in with others.

  • d Questions were related to the following: little or no help from family or friends if needed or cannot get a $1000 loan if needed.