TABLE 1

Characteristics of Infants With and Without Escalated Care

CharacteristicEscalated CareNo Escalated CareP
n = 261n = 2461
Age, moa2.9 ± 2.84.5 ± 2.9<.0001
Male sexb154 (59)1524 (62).35
Prematurityb53 (21)302 (15).005
Respiratory distress durationa3.0 ± 2.32.8 ± 2.7.22
Poor feedingb204 (78)1341 (55)<.0001
Apneab70 (27)147 (6)<.0001
Dehydrationb76 (29)212 (9)<.0001
Nasal flaring and/or gruntingb122 (47)364 (15)<.0001
Chest retractionsb246 (94)1911 (78)<.0001
Respiratory ratea55.8 ± 14.749.3 ± 12.0<.0001
Oxygen saturation, %a91.7 ± 7.397.2 ± 2.7<.0001
Temperature ≥38°C, %a111 (43)661 (27)<.0001
  • a Data presented as mean ± SD.

  • b Data presented as n (%).