TABLE 2

Association Between Patient Characteristics and Escalated Care

VariableEscalated Care (n = 261)No Escalated Care (n = 2461)Unadjusted OR95% CIP
n (%)n (%)
Age ≤2 mo156 (60)754 (31)3.42.6–4.4<.0001
Prematurity53 (21)302 (15)1.61.1–2.2.01
Respiratory distress duration, h3.0 ± 2.32.8 ± 2.71.00.9–1.1.5
Respiratory rate ≥60 breaths per min122 (47)635 (26)2.51.9–3.3<.0001
Apnea70 (27)147 (6)5.84.2–8.0<.0001
Dehydration76 (29)212 (9)4.43.2–5.9<.0001
Nasal flaring and/or grunting122 (47)364 (15)5.13.9–6.6<.0001
Retractions246 (94)1911 (78)4.72.8–8.0<.0001
Oxygen saturation <90%79 (30)40 (2)26.317.5–39.6<.0001
Poor feeding204 (78)1341 (55)3.02.2–4.1<.0001
Network
 Canada77420
 United States103728
 Australia and New Zealand36552
 United Kingdom and Ireland24648
 Spain and/or Portugal21113
  • —, not applicable.