TABLE 3

Differences in Likelihood of Child Behavior Problems and Conditions by Higher of Either Parent’s ACE Count

Child Behavioral Outcome Measure or ConditionHigher of Either Parent’s ACE Count
0 ACEs1 ACE2–3 ACEs4 or More ACEs
Behavioral conditions reported to parents by a clinician (aORs, n = 2564)
 HyperactivityRef1.44 (0.8 to 2.6)1.42 (0.8 to 2.5)2.07 (1.1 to 3.8)a
 Emotional or mental disturbanceRef1.56 (0.6 to 4.1)1.66 (0.6 to 4.3)4.24 (1.7 to 10.8)b
Behavior scales (adjusted linear regression coefficients, n = 2316)
 BPI: total scoreRef0.22 (−0.6 to 1.1)1.83 (1.0 to 2.7)c2.30 (1.3 to 3.2)c
 BPI: externalizing behaviors scoreRef0.40 (−0.2 to 1.0)1.26 (0.6 to 1.9)c1.46 (0.8 to 2.1)c
 BPI: internalizing behaviors scoreRef0.30 (−0.1 to 0.7)0.95 (0.5 to 1.4)c1.40 (0.8 to 1.9)c
 PBSRef−0.09 (−0.2 to 0.03)−0.17 (−0.3 to −0.05)b−0.26 (−0.4 to −0.1)c
  • a Indicates significant difference from referent group with P value <.05.

  • b Indicates significant difference from referent group with P value <.01.

  • c Indicates significant difference from referent group with P value <.001.