TABLE 4

Differences in Likelihood of Child Behavior Problems and Conditions by Mothers’ or Fathers’ Individual ACE Counts

Child Behavioral Outcome Measure or Condition (n = 1979 Children With Data Available on All Parents’ ACE Scores)Mother’s or Father’s ACE Count
0 ACEs1 ACE2–3 ACEs4 or More ACEs
Mothers’ ACEs and children’s behavioral outcomes
 Hyperactivity, aOR (95% CI)Ref1.85 (0.9 to 3.6)1.62 (0.9 to 3.0)3.10 (1.5 to 6.2)a
 Emotional or mental disturbance, aOR (95% CI)Ref1.93 (0.7 to 5.4)2.04 (0.8 to 5.5)5.66 (2.0 to 15.9)a
 BPI: total score, adjusted linear coefficient (95% CI)Ref0.50 (−0.4 to 1.4)2.36 (1.4 to 3.3)b2.77 (1.7 to 3.9)b
Fathers’ ACEs and children’s behavioral outcomes
 Hyperactivity, aOR (95% CI)Ref0.99 (0.5 to 1.9)0.97 (0.5 to 2.0)1.29 (0.6 to 2.9)
 Emotional or mental disturbance, aOR (95% CI)Ref1.71 (0.5 to 5.7)0.89 (0.2 to 3.2)2.43 (0.7 to 8.1)
 BPI: total score, adjusted linear coefficient (95% CI)Ref0.58 (−0.3 to 1.5)1.09 (0.04 to 2.15)c1.09 (−0.4 to 2.6)
  • a Indicates significant difference from referent group with P value <.01.

  • b Indicates significant difference from referent group with P value <.001.

  • c Indicates significant difference from referent group with P value <.05.