TABLE 1

ACE Category Descriptions, Proportion of Adult Sample With Each ACE, and Proportion of Sample by ACE Count in the PSID CRCS (Overall, 2014–2015, n = 7223)

ACE CategoryDescription Based on ACE Survey ItemWeighted Percentage Positive, %
ACE type
 Emotional abuseThe combination of the respondent rating their relationship as poor with their mother and/or father and indicating that the relationship involved the highest degree of emotional tension3
 Physical abuseWhether the mother and/or father sometimes or often slapped, threw things at, or otherwise physically harmed the respondent23.1
 Sexual abuseWhether the respondent reported being the victim of a crime classified as assault or rape in childhood3.6
 Intimate partner violenceWhether the respondent reported that his or her mother and father often, sometimes, or infrequently pushed, threw things at, or were otherwise physically harmful toward one another20.8
 Household substance abuseWhether the respondent reported that his or her mother and/or father abused drugs or alcohol19.5
 Mental illness in householdWhether the respondent reported if his or her mother and/or father had any mental health problems (eg, panic attacks and depression)21.4
 Parental separation or divorceWhether the respondent reported if his or her parents were separated or divorced27
 Emotional neglectWhether the respondent reported that his or her mother or father displayed no affection or parenting effort7.2
 Deceased or absent parentWhether the respondent reported that his or her mother or father was deceased or unknown to him or her at a time in the childhood of the respondent5
ACE count
 0 ACEs36.4
 1 ACE27.5
 2 ACEs15.9
 3 ACEs9.7
 4 ACEs5.4
 5 ACEs3.4
 6 ACEs1.1
 7 ACEs0.5
 8 ACEs0.1
 9 ACEs0.0
  • —, not applicable.