TABLE 1

Characteristics of Study Population (n = 287)

Mean (SD) or n (%)
Child characteristics
 Age, mean (SD), y3.5 (2.4)
 Chronic medical problem, n (%)67 (23.3)
Parent characteristics
 Age, mean (SD), y32.2 (8.0)a
 Relationship to child, n (%)
  Mother259 (90.2)
 Marital status single, n (%)119 (41.5)
 Hollingshead SES level 4 or 5, n (%)b237 (82.6)
 Country of birth: non-US born, n (%)176 (61.3)
 Race/ethnicity, n (%)
  Hispanic212 (73.9)
  Non-Hispanic
  White, non-Hispanic8 (2.8)
  Black, non-Hispanic52 (18.1)
  Asian, non-Hispanic11 (3.8)
  Other, non-Hispanic4 (1.4)
 Language Spanish, n (%)c134 (46.7)
 Education, n (%)
  Less than high school graduate138 (48.1)
  High school graduate or equivalent72 (25.1)
  Higher than high school graduate77 (26.8)
 Health literacy, n (%)d
  Inadequate health literacy71 (24.9)
  Marginal health literacy34 (11.9)
  Adequate health literacy180 (63.2)
  • a Missing for 4 parents.

  • b Lower number represents higher SES and greater family resources.

  • c Language of survey administration.

  • d HL measured by using STOFHLA. Data missing for 2 subjects who did not complete the STOFHLA.