TABLE 3

Trends in the Prevalence of Abdominal Obesity Among US Children and Adolescents Aged 2–18 y, NHANES 2003–2004 to 2011–2012

2003–20042005–20062007–20082009–20102011–2012Absolute IncreaseP for Trend
%SE%SE%SE%SE%SE
WC ≥90th percentile
 All17.751.2217.541.2218.531.0617.260.7518.871.261.13.83
 Age group
  2–5 y16.981.9218.241.7515.341.9314.951.4614.251.24−2.72.31
  6–11 y17.381.4714.841.9619.101.1718.090.9617.511.990.13.62
  12–18 y18.431.7519.411.4619.751.2917.801.3822.441.894.01.37
 Gender
  Male17.731.4216.651.3718.261.1517.000.7316.571.45−1.16.88
  Female17.771.5918.481.6518.811.4317.531.0921.221.783.45.48
 Race or ethnicity
  Non-Hispanic white18.221.8216.401.7818.261.2714.991.3918.442.150.22.47
  Non-Hispanic black16.311.3117.401.9216.671.5020.682.2117.101.350.79.61
  Mexican American20.961.1525.451.7723.922.3622.641.4224.171.093.21.25
WHtR ≥0.5
 All34.142.2631.141.6033.111.4130.500.8333.291.35−0.85.25
 Age group
  6–11 y33.012.1027.162.4130.781.1628.531.1329.562.20−3.45.23
  12–18 y35.063.0634.401.4734.992.0532.081.2736.471.561.40.32
 Gender
  Male31.592.6227.881.1731.651.9228.101.8729.321.32−2.27.42
  Female36.862.5334.602.3134.651.9332.961.3937.302.300.44.42
 Race or ethnicity
  Non-Hispanic white35.203.3529.302.2032.602.1725.021.8330.582.44−4.63.04
  Non-Hispanic black28.021.6928.162.0328.651.3633.062.2129.062.751.04.55
  Mexican American41.542.4646.212.3745.153.1444.091.5947.451.815.91.27
  • Time trends in prevalence of abdominal obesity from 2003–2004 to 2011–2012 were examined with a multiple logistical regression model, with adjustment for age, gender, and race or ethnicity, when applicable.