TABLE 1

Regression Coefficients (SE) for Mental Health Problems Regressed on Child HIV Status, Child Reports, n = 683

CES-DCYSR-Anxiety/InternalizingConduct ProblemsWHODAS-Child
Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 1Model 2Model 3
Intercept26.84** (1.20)15.53* (6.33)8.89 (5.68)0.54** (0.03)−0.08 (0.15)−0.23 (0.14)0.31** (0.04)0.51* (0.19)0.24 (0.18)13.36** (0.74)−1.48 (3.98)−5.97 (3.67)
HIV-positive2.65 (1.72)1.59 (1.72).-0.88 (1.67)0.07 (0.04)0.04 (0.04)0.01 (0.04)0.09 (0.05)0.07 (0.05)0.01 (0.05)1.58 (1.07)1.12 (1.08)−0.84 (1.08)
HIV-affected5.66* (1.70)5.24* (1.66)2.06 (1.49)0.10* (0.04)0.09* (0.05)0.03 (0.04)0.11* (0.05)0.11* (0.05)0.03 (0.05)3.23* (1.06)3.17* (1.05)1.19 (0.96)
Age0.99* (0.33)0.52 (0.30)0.01** (0.01)0.03*** (0.01)0.01 (0.01)0.0 (0.01)0.93 (0.21)0.67** (0.19)
Female1.92 (1.38)1.22 (1.21)0.09* (0.03)0.07* (0.03)−0.06 (0.04)−0.08* (0.04)1.19 (0.87)0.71 (0.78)
SES−2.59** (0.70)−1.07 (0.63)−0.03 (0.02)0.00 (0.02)−0.03 (0.02)0.00 (0.02)−0.43 (0.44)0.29 (0.41)
Education−3.33 (2.52)−2.56 (2.20)−0.11 (0.06)−0.08 (0.05)−0.16* (0.07)−0.14* (0.07)0.89 (1.59)0.99 (1.41)
Primary caregiver is mother−3.03* (1.45)−2.07 (1.29)−0.06 (0.04)−0.21 (0.03)−0.07 (0.04)−0.04 (0.04)−0.58 (0.91)0.22 (0.83)
Parental death0.68 (1.41)0.03 (0.03)−0.02 (0.04)1.94* (0.91)
Daily hardships1.09** (0.23)0.43** (0.07)0.01 (0.01)0.58** (0.15)
Social service access−0.253 (1.09)−0.04 (0.03)0.00 (0.03)0.63 (0.70)
Caregiver HSCL3.59** (0.99)0.05* (0.02)0.06 (0.03)1.65* (0.64)
Harsh punishment16.34** (2.94)0.43** (0.07)0.68*** (0.09)11.88** (1.90)
Stigma7.97** (1.32)0.22** (0.03)0.21*** (0.04)3.92** (0.85)
R20.020.060.300.010.090.360.010.030.230.010.050.26
Adjusted R20.010.050.290.010.080.350.010.020.230.010.040.25
n681679666681679666681679666681678666
  • ***P < .001, **P < .01, *P < .05. HSCL, Hopkins Symptoms Checklist.