TABLE 1

List of Most Commonly Used Medications for ADHD With Suspected Relative Abuse Potential

Stimulant StatusMedication TypeUS Trade Name a Suspected Relative Abuse Potential b
Stimulants
 Short-acting/immediate releaseMethylphenidateRitalin a High
Methylin a High
DexmethylphenidateFocalin a High
Amphetamine-dextroamphetamineAdderall a High
DextroamphetamineDexedrineHigh
DextroStat a High
ProCentraHigh
 LA/ERMethylphenidateMetadate CDMedium
Metadate ER a Medium
Ritalin LA a Medium
Ritalin SR a Medium
Methylin ERMedium
Daytrana patchLow
Concerta a Low
Quillivant XRLow
DexmethylphenidateFocalin XRLow
DextroamphetamineDexedrine Spansule a Medium
Amphetamine-dextroamphetamineAdderall XR a Medium
LisdexamfetamineVyvanseLow
Nonstimulants
 α2-adrenergic agonistsGuanfacineIntunivLow
ClonidineKapvayLow
 Selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitorAtomoxetineStratteraLow
  • CR, controlled release; ER, extended release; LA, long acting; XR, extended release; SR, sustained release.

  • a Indicates that generic formulation is available.

  • b Relative abuse potential is suspected based on length of action and formulation of medication.