TABLE 1

Baseline Characteristics of Parents

Both InjuredChild InjuredParent InjuredNeither InjuredP
n17535451
Age, mean (SD), y40.8 (8.8)42.8 (12.6)40.2 (7.2)43.4 (6.3).28
Gender, %<.0001
 Male35.315.163.015.7
 Female64.784.937.084.3
Race, %.03
 White52.952.855.682.4
 Hispanic29.422.633.37.8
 Black0.07.63.73.9
 Asian/Pacific Islander5.95.71.82.0
 Native American5.90.00.00.0
 Other/mixed5.911.33.73.9
 Unknown0.00.01.80.0
Marital status, %.76
 Married41.262.355.652.9
 Divorced11.811.316.723.5
 Separated5.91.95.62.0
 Remarried11.89.45.65.9
 Never married29.413.216.715.7
 Widowed0.01.90.00.0
Living with spouse, %52.971.760.458.8.32
Household income, %.15
 ≤$20 00035.324.522.213.7
 $20 001–$30 00011.89.418.511.8
 $30 001–$40 00011.815.15.67.8
 $40 001–$50 0000.07.520.45.9
 $50 001–$100 0005.920.716.727.4
 >$100 00035.320.714.831.4
 Unknown0.01.91.82.0
Education, %.004
 Less than high school35.328.325.93.9
 High school/GED5.911.325.911.8
 Some college11.822.618.521.6
 College (including associate’s degree)29.430.222.235.3
 Graduate degree17.67.57.427.4
Relationship to child, %.01
 Biological parent88.298.177.886.3
 Step- or adoptive parent11.80.018.513.7
 Other0.01.93.70.0
Live with child, %94.198.196.3100.0.45
Work status, %.06
 Working outside of home64.771.768.556.8
 Looking for work0.01.911.15.9
 Student5.93.83.72.0
 Homemaker23.517.01.825.5
 Other5.95.714.89.8
SF-36/SF-12 physical component score, mean (SD)55.5 (9.4)52.0 (8.2)54.8 (9.1)53.2 (8.5).31
SF-36/SF-12 mental component score, mean (SD)55.3 (8.3)51.6 (7.9)54.0 (9.0)49.9 (11.2).07
Overall health, %.44
 Excellent47.122.638.939.2
 Very good29.432.125.927.4
 Good11.826.427.821.6
 Fair11.813.23.73.9
 Poor0.05.73.77.8
Number of ADLs with limitations, %NANA.96
 094.194.4
 1–25.95.6
Number of IADLs with limitations, %NANA.67
 094.194.4
 15.91.9
 ≥20.03.7
Limited in amount or type of work, %5.9NA5.6NA.96
Patient Health Questionnaire-9 total score, mean (SD)2.4 (4.2)2.7 (3.2)3.1 (4.8)3.7 (5.3).64
AUDIT-C score, mean (SD)2.2 (2.3)2.9 (12.6)3.0 (3.0)2.0 (1.9).002
Drug use, %5.90.05.75.9.26
CIDI trauma score, mean (SD)2.1 (2.2)NA2.7 (2.5)NA.32
Family Assessment Device score, mean (SD)21.9 (5.5)19.5 (4.6)20.2 (5.6)20.1 (5.9).43
  • AUDIT-C, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; CIDI, Composite International Diagnostic Interview; GED, General Educational Development; NA, not applicable; SF-12, 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey.