TABLE 2

Outcomes and Covariates Before and at Birth for Adolescent Mothers

VariableGroup 1: Mother Was in Care at Birth of First Child (n = 576)Group 2: Mother Was Not in Care at Birth of First Child (n = 5366)Difference
n (%) n (%) P
Child was taken into care
 Any time before second birthday281 (48.8)547 (10.19)<.0001
 Within 7 d of birth141 (24.5)134 (2.50)<.0001
 Between 7 d and 1 y after birth99 (17.2)255 (4.75)<.0001
 Between 1 y and 2 y after birth41 (7.1)160 (2.98)<.0001
Covariate
 In the 2 y before birth of child
  Substance use88 (15.3)340 (6.3)<.0001
  Depression115 (20.0)526 (9.8)<.0001
  Anxiety136 (23.6)802 (15.0)<.0001
  ADHD21 (3.65)49 (0.9)<.0001
  Suicide attempt20 (3.5)98 (1.8).0071
 During pregnancy
  Received expectant parent services247 (42.88)1445 (26.93)<.0001
  Prenatal care
   Intensive36 (6.3)215 (4.0)<.0001
   Intermediate198 (34.4)1839 (34.3)
   Adequate156 (27.1)965 (18.0)
   Inadequate163 (28.3)2112 (39.4)
   No care or missinga23 (4.0)235 (4.4)
 At birth
  Mother’s age, y (SD) 16.74 (0.9)16.81 (0.9).0880
  Cesarean delivery55 (9.6)587 (10.9).3069
  Mean hospital length of stay, d (SD)3.14 (2.4)3.06 (1.9).3649
  Breastfeeding initiation in hospital394 (68.4)3410 (63.6).0211
  Child was preterm36 (6.3)352 (6.6).7749
  Child had low birth wt24 (4.2)261 (4.9).4567
  • Unless otherwise stated, all fields are n (%).

  • a Missing data account for <0.2% of mothers.