TABLE 6

Systematic Review: Summary of GM Impairment According to OR Calculations

ReferenceBalanceGMDS -Locomotion SubscaleBNBAS Cluster ScoresCoordinationBall SkillsDelayed Independent WalkingReaction TimeReaction Time and MoveCP
FASD
 Davies et al 201136Yes GMDS
 Adnams et al 200428No GMDS
 Kooistra et al 200932M-ABCaYes M-ABC
 Jirikowic et al 201338Yes DGI, p-CTSIB-2c, M-ABC2
Moderate to heavy PAE
 Smith et al 198635No BNBAS
 Coles et al 198731Yes BNBAS
 Bay et al 201212No M-ABCNo M-ABC
 Kesmodel et al 201339No M-ABCNo M-ABC
 Autti-Rämö and Granström 199130Yes GMTOT
 Barr et al 199027GM Batteryb
Mixed exposure
 Aronson et al 198529Yes GMDS
 Kyllerman et al 198533Yes CTSYes observation
 Roebuck et al 199834Yes SOT
 Simmons et al 201037No RBRBc
  • Yes denotes GM impairment according to OR calculations and authors. No denotes no GM impairment according to OR calculations and authors. BNBAS, Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Screen; CTS, Coordination Test Score; DGI, Dynamic Gait Index; GM Battery, Battery of gross motor tasks based on several standardized assessments; GMTOT, Gross Motor Total Score; M-ABC, Movement Assessment Battery for Children; M-ABC2, Movement Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition; p-CTSIB-2, Pediatric Clinic Test of Sensory Integration for Balance, Second Edition; RB, response box with multifunction timing device; SOT, Sensory Organization Test.

  • a GM impairment reported by authors but excluded from OR calculations as least conservative GM deficit.

  • b GM impairment reported by authors but excluded from OR calculations as crude data not provided.

  • c GM impairment reported by authors but not by OR calculations.