TABLE 1

The CDC’s Core Elements of Outpatient Antibiotic Stewardship

Core Elements of Outpatient Antibiotic StewardshipExample Activitiesa
CommitmentWrite and display public commitments for antibiotic stewardship
Include antibiotic stewardship–related duties in job descriptions
Action for policy and practiceProvide communication skills training for clinicians
Require a written justification for nonrecommended antibiotic prescribing
Tracking and reportingSelf-evaluate antibiotic prescribing practices
Implement at least 1 antibiotic prescribing tracking and reporting system
Education and expertiseProvide patient education materials
Providing continuing education activities for clinicians
  • Adapted from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The core elements of outpatient antibiotic stewardship. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/antibiotic-use/community/pdfs/16_268900-A_CoreElementsOutpatient_508.pdf. Published 2016. Accessed November 30, 2017.

  • a This table provides only a few examples of the wide range of activities that can be implemented by physicians and outpatient health care facilities to address each of the 4 core elements of outpatient antibiotic stewardship. A more complete list of potential activities, along with a checklist for physicians and outpatient facilities, can be found in the full CDC report.