TABLE 1

Demographic and Clinical Characteristics by UTI and Bacteremia Status

UTI With BacteremiaUTI Without BacteremiaPUTI (Regardless of Bacteremia)No UTIP
N272622893858
Sex.06.008
 Female14 (51.9)88 (33.6)102 (35.3)1669 (43.3)
 Male13 (48.1)174 (66.4)187 (64.7)2189 (56.7)
Age in d, median (IQR)24 (12–46)34 (20–47).233 (20–47)38 (26–48).002
Age category.3<.001
 ≤28 d14 (51.9)110 (42.0)124 (42.9)1172 (30.4)
 29–60 d13 (48.1)152 (58.0)165 (57.1)2686 (69.6)
Race.9<.001
 White18 (66.7)153 (58.4)171 (59.2)2206 (57.2)
 African American4 (14.8)39 (14.9)43 (14.9)959 (24.9)
 Other4 (14.8)45 (17.2)49 (17.0)430 (11.1)
 Unknowna1 (3.7)25 (9.5)26 (9.0)263 (6.8)
Ethnicity.09<.001
 Hispanic or Latino7 (25.9)110 (42.0)117 (40.5)1134 (29.4)
 Not Hispanic or Latino20 (74.1)147 (56.1)167 (57.8)2652 (68.7)
 Unknowna0 (0.0)5 (1.9)5 (1.7)72 (1.9)
Qualifyingb temperature, °C, median (IQR)38.6 (38.3–39.1)38.6 (38.3–39.1).538.6 (38.3–39.1)38.3 (38.1–38.7)<.001
ANC × 103 cells/µL, median (IQR)7.1 (4.9–11.3)7.2 (4.4–10.0).67.2 (4.6–10.0)3.0 (1.9–4.8)<.001
Serum WBC × 103 cells/µL, median (IQR)14.1 (10.7–17.4)14.5 (10.5–18.5).814.4 (10.6–18.1)9.6 (7.1–12.7)<.001
Urine organism.05NA
E coli23 (85.2)214 (81.7)237 (82.0)NA
Klebsiella1 (3.7)12 (4.6)13 (4.5)NA
Enterococcus0 (0.0)9 (3.4)9 (3.1)NA
Enterobacter3 (11.1)5 (1.9)8 (2.8)NA
 Other0 (0.0)22 (8.4)22 (7.6)NA
Method of urine collectionNANA
 Catheterization27 (100.0)262 (100.0)289 (100.0)3851 (99.8)
 Suprapubic aspiration0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)7 (0.2)
  • All data presented as n (%) except where indicated. ANC, absolute neutrophil count; IQR, interquartile range; NA, not applicable.

  • a Category not used in the statistical test.

  • b Qualifying fever was the height of fever documented at home or in the ED before enrollment.