TABLE 5

Associations of Second-Trimester Intake of Beverages With DXA FMI (kg/m2) in Midchildhood, Overall and According to Maternal BMI, Maternal Race and/or Ethnicity, and Child Sex

UnadjustedAdjustedaAdditionally Adjusted for
Child Beverage Intake
NDifference in DXA FMI (95% CI) Per 1 Serving/d Increment in Maternal Beverage Intake
SSB10780.31 (0.15 to 0.47)0.15 (−0.01 to 0.30)0.15 (−0.01 to 0.30)
 Sugary soda10780.46 (0.19 to 0.72)0.19 (−0.06 to 0.44)0.21 (−0.05 to 0.47)
 Fruit drinks10780.29 (0.06 to 0.52)0.15 (−0.07 to 0.36)0.15 (−0.07 to 0.36)
Juice10780.07 (−0.06 to 0.19)0.04 (−0.07 to 0.15)0.06 (−0.05 to 0.17)
Diet soda10780.27 (0.02 to 0.52)0.17 (−0.05 to 0.39)0.01 (−0.25 to 0.27)
Water10780.01 (−0.05 to 0.07)0.03 (−0.02 to 0.09)0.03 (−0.03 to 0.08)
Difference in DXA FMI (95% CI) Per 1 Serving/d Increment in Second-Trimester SSB Intake
By maternal prepregnancy BMI
 <257020.25 (0.10 to 0.41)0.19 (0.03 to 0.34)0.19 (0.03 to 0.35)
 ≥253760.27 (−0.03 to 0.57)0.10 (−0.19 to 0.39)0.10 (−0.19 to 0.39)
By maternal race and/or ethnicity
 African American1760.46 (0.00 to 0.92)0.30 (−0.13 to 0.73)0.30 (−0.13 to 0.73)
 White7300.09 (−0.08 to 0.25)−0.01 (−0.17 to 0.15)0.00 (−0.16 to 0.16)
 Other (Hispanic, Asian American, other)1720.55 (0.17 to 0.93)0.38 (0.00 to 0.76)0.37 (−0.02 to 0.76)
By child sex
 Boy5350.20 (−0.01 to 0.41)0.05 (−0.16 to 0.27)0.06 (−0.16 to 0.27)
 Girl5430.40 (0.18 to 0.61)0.18 (−0.02 to 0.39)0.18 (−0.02 to 0.39)
  • Data from 1078 mother-child pairs participating in Project Viva.

  • a Adjusted for maternal age, race and/or ethnicity, education, smoking, parity, and prepregnancy BMI; household income; and child age and sex. Models stratified by race and/or ethnicity do not include race and/or ethnicity as a covariate. Models stratified by sex do not include sex as a covariate.