TABLE 4

Comparison of DBP- and/or NDD-Trained Physician Responses by Sex

VariableWomen (N = 233)Men (N = 146)P (95% Confidence Interval)a
N (%)N (%)
Academic main employment site107 (45.9)60 (41.1).395; χ2 = 0.85
Mean (SD)bMean (SD)
Years since medical school graduation25.5 (11.0)32.5 (12.2)<.001 (4.6 to 9.4)
Hours per wk45.4 (15.5)48.1 (16.7).11 (−0.6 to 6.1)
% of time in primary care36.5 (36.0)49.4 (34.1).11 (−3.0 to 28.7)
 Women, N = 40 (17%)
 Men, N = 38 (26%)
% of time in subspecialty care95.1 (15.7)88.8 (23.7).004 (−10.5 to −2.1)
 Women, N = 209 (90%)
 Men, N = 129 (88%)
% of time in professional activities (among those engaged in the activity)
 Direct patient care66.5 (25.5)63.0 (26.8).23 (−9.1 to 2.2)
 Administration17.0 (17.5)22.0 (18.6).03 (0.6 to 9.5)
 Teaching11.7 (13.2)12.7 (12.2).49 (−2.0 to 4.2)
 Clinical research17.1 (21.9)16.6 (19.9).90 (−7.7 to 6.7)
 Basic science research4.3 (1.1)5.0 (0).49 (−2.1 to 3.4)
 Health services research20.6 (22.9)23.2 (24.4).73 (−12.5 to 17.7)
 Committee work, consulting9.6 (12.8)9.9 (9.6).86 (−3.4 to 4.0)
 Other39.1 (39.1)20.7 (30.5).17 (−44.7 to 8.1)
Women (N = 216)aMen (N = 136)a
FTEc0.9 (0.4)0.9 (0.3).83 (−0.1 to 0.1)
Sessions per wk5.1 (2.7)5.0 (3.1).64 (−0.8 to 0.5)
New DBP visits per wk6.2 (4.3)6.2 (5.7).99 (−1.0 to 1.1)
Return DBP visits per wk15.1 (11.1)14.4 (12.9).61 (−3.3 to 1.9)
Time spent in new and return visits, min
 Initial visit billable95.7 (52.0)83.5 (40.0).02 (−22.6 to −1.8)
 Initial visit nonbillable61.0 (56.4)45.8 (40.4).007 (−26.3 to −4.2)
 Return visit billable45.0 (33.9)39.8 (17.3).10 (−11.4 to 1.0)
 Return visit nonbillable25.9 (24.1)20.4 (17.9).02 (−10.2 to −0.7)
Plan to fully or partially retire in next 3–5 yN (%)N (%)
 1–21 y since graduating4 (4.8)1 (3.4).767; χ2 = 0.088
 22–34 y since graduating17 (20.7)9 (21.4).928; χ2 = 0.008
 35–63 y since graduating34 (73.9)46 (71.9).813; χ2 = 0.056
  • a Missing values are excluded from the calculation of percentages.

  • b Only respondents who answered yes to “Do you assess or treat patients with DB concerns?”

  • c Full Time Equivalent.