TABLE 4

Age at Menarche and Antisocial Behaviors in Adulthood

Proximal Influences ModelLingering Influences ModelIncreasing Influences Model
bSE95% CIbSE95% CIbSE95% CI
LowerUpperLowerUpperLowerUpper
Intercept3.64*0.71*2.24*5.05*0.70*0.16*0.38*1.01*0.57*0.16*0.26*0.88*
Menarche−0.09*0.04*−0.17*−0.01*−0.02*0.01*−0.04*−0.001*−0.020.01−0.040.00
Age at Wave I0.010.04−0.060.08−0.02*0.01*−0.04*−0.01*−0.02*0.01*−0.04*−0.01*
Delinquency at Wave I0.03*0.01*0.02*0.05*
Maternal education level
 High school graduate−0.110.21−0.530.320.050.04−0.040.130.050.04−0.030.13
 College graduate0.120.21−0.310.550.030.04−0.050.120.030.04−0.050.11
Father presence
 Absent since birth0.230.19−0.150.610.090.05−0.020.190.080.05−0.030.18
 Father left 0–5 y0.46*0.20*0.05*0.87*0.120.06−0.010.240.100.06−0.030.23
 Father left 6–13 y0.320.18−0.030.660.020.04−0.060.110.010.04−0.070.10
Race and/or ethnicity
 African American0.51*0.25*0.02*1.00*0.030.05−0.060.130.020.05−0.080.12
 Hispanic−0.190.17−0.530.150.000.04−0.080.070.0030.04−0.070.08
 Other race0.660.280.111.21−0.040.05−0.130.06−0.060.05−0.15−0.04
 Family income-to-needs ratio−0.010.02−0.040.03−0.0010.003−0.010.01−0.0020.003−0.010.01
 AFDC receipt0.090.25−0.410.590.060.09−0.120.230.050.09−0.120.22
  • Analyses were conducted in Stata’s design-based weighting program to account for the clustered nature of the sample; this program does not provide R2 values. The proximal influences model uses antisocial behaviors measured at Wave I as the dependent variable; the lingering influences and increasing influences models use antisocial behaviors measured at Wave IV as the dependent variables. AFDC, Aid to Families with Dependent Children; CI, confidence interval. ; —, not applicable.

  • * P < .05.