TABLE 1

Modified NIPS

Behavior Score
012
Facial expressionRelaxed muscles, natural expressionGrimace: tight muscles, furrowed brow
CryingQuiet or not cryingWhimper: mild moaning intermittentlyVigorous crying: loud shrill scream
Breathing patternsRelaxedChange in breathing: irregular, faster than usual, gagging
ArmsRelaxed, no muscular rigidity, occasional movementsFlexed or extended: tense, straight, and rigid; rapid extension or flexion
State of arousalSleeping or awake: quiet, peaceful, sleeping, or alert and settledFussy: alert, restless, and thrashing
  • —, not applicable.