TABLE 1

Characteristics of Preschool-Aged Children With CP in the Longitudinal OPD Study, Initial Assessment (n = 179) and 60 Months Assessment (n = 135)

Initial Assessment60 mo Assessment
Age in months, mean (SD)34.1 (11.9)61.4 (2.7)
Sex (male), n (%)111 (62.0)82 (60.7)
GMFCS level, n (%)
 I84 (46.9)60 (44.4)
 II23 (12.9)29 (21.5)
 III28 (15.6)18 (13.3)
 IV18 (10.1)11 (8.2)
 V26 (14.5)17 (12.6)
MACS level, n (%)
 I73 (40.8)76 (56.3)
 II59 (33.0)29 (21.5)
 III14 (7.8)10 (7.4)
 IV12 (6.7)3 (2.2)
 V21 (11.7)17 (12.6)
Primary motor type, n (%)
 Spasticity157 (87.7)117 (86.7)
 Dyskinesia8 (4.5)8 (5.9)
 Ataxia9 (5.0)7 (5.2)
 Hypotonia5 (2.8)3 (2.2)
Motor distribution, n (%)
 Monoplegia or hemiplegia62 (34.6)50 (37.0)
 Diplegia44 (25.0)37 (27.4)
 Triplegia or quadriplegia73 (40.8)48 (35.6)
Preterm birth (<37 wk), n (%)82 (45.8)60 (44.4)
Epilepsy, n (%)30 (24.4)24 (27.3)
Tube feeding, n (%)19 (10.6)16 (11.9)
  • n = 11 children’s initial assessments (2.5%) were at 60 mo; these children’s data have been presented in both columns. GMFCS reclassification was 28.3% (n = 145 repeated classifications).28 MACS reclassification was 35.4%. Epilepsy data were missing for n = 56 children on initial assessment and for n = 47 children at 60 mo.