TABLE 1

Characteristics of Laundry and Dishwasher Detergent Exposures Among Children Younger Than 6 Years by Detergent Type, NPDS 2013–2014

CharacteristicsDishwasher DetergentLaundry Detergent
Nonpacket, n (%)aPacket, n (%)aTotal, n (%)aNonpacket, n (%)aPacket, n (%)aTotal, n (%)aOverall Total, n (%)a
Gender
 Boy6324 (52.7)8113 (53.8)14 437 (53.3)7358 (56.1)11 473 (52.0)18 831 (53.5)33 268 (53.4)
 Girl5653 (47.2)6956 (46.1)12 609 (46.6))5749 (43.8)10 553 (47.8)16 302 (46.3)28 911 (46.4)
 Unknown12 (0.1)8 (0.1)20 (0.1)17 (0.1)38 (0.2)55 (0.2)75 (0.1)
Child age, y
 <11823 (15.2)2518 (16.7)4341 (16.0)1157 (8.8)2092 (9.5)3249 (9.2)7590 (12.2)
 17459 (62.2)9857 (65.4)17 316 (64.0)5947 (45.3)7697 (34.9)13 644 (38.8)30 960 (49.7)
 22162 (18.0)2258 (15.0)4420 (16.3)3933 (30.0)6742 (30.6)10 675 (30.3)15 095 (24.2)
 3382 (3.2)305 (2.0)687 (2.5)1286 (9.8)3433 (15.6)4719 (13.4)5406 (8.7)
 491 (0.8)87 (0.6)178 (0.7)533 (4.1)1439 (6.5)1972(5.6)2150 (3.5)
 553 (0.4)35 (0.2)88 (0.3)240 (1.8)608 (2.8)848(2.8)936 (1.5)
 <6b19 (0.2)17 (0.1)36 (0.1)28 (0.2)53 (0.2)81 (0.2)117 (0.2)
Exposure site
 Residencec11 960 (99.8)15 049 (99.8)27 009 (99.8)13 030 (99.3)21 837 (99.0)34 867 (99.1)61 876 (99.4)
 Otherd23 (0.2)26 (0.2)49 (0.2)90 (0.7)189 (0.9)279 (0.8)328 (0.5)
 Unknown6 (0.1)2 (0.0)8 (0.0)4 (0.0)38 (0.2)42 (0.1)50 (0.1)
Route of exposure
 Single route
  Ingestion10 738 (89.6)14 065 (93.3)24 803 (91.6)10 678 (81.4)17 464 (79.2)28 142 (80.0)52 945 (85.0)
  Ocular54 (0.5)31 (0.2)85 (0.3)742 (5.7)1611 (7.3)2353 (6.7)2438 (3.9)
  Dermal49 (0.4)30 (0.2)79 (0.3)128 (1.0)176 (0.8)304 (0.9)383 (0.6)
  Inhalation8 (0.1)3 (0.0)11 (0.0)33 (0.3)10 (0.0)43 (0.1)54 (0.1)
  Aspiration2 (0.0)2 (0.0)4 (0.0)12 (0.1)94 (0.4)106 (0.3)110 (0.2)
Multiple routes with ingestion1119 (9.3)938 (6.2)2057 (7.6)1389 (10.6)2310 (10.5)3699 (10.5)5756 (9.2)
 Other multiple routes16 (0.1)5 (0.0)21 (0.1)136 (1.0)395 (1.8)531 (1.5)552 (0.9)
 Other3 (0.0)2 (0.0)5 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (0.0)1 (0.0)6 (0.0)
 Unknown0 (0.0)1 (0.0)1 (0.0)6 (0.0)3 (0.0)9 (0.0)10 (0.0)
Total exposures (row %)e11 989 (19.3)15 077 (24.2)27 066 (43.5)13 124 (21.1)22 064 (35.4)35 188 (56.5)62 254
  • a Column percentages were calculated by using the total number of exposures for each detergent category as the denominator and may not sum to 100.0% due to rounding error.

  • b PCCs were unable to obtain the exact age for these cases, but it was known that the child was younger than 6 y of age.

  • c Residence includes own residence and other residence.

  • d Other includes HCF, public area, restaurant/food service, school, unknown, and workplace.

  • e Percentages are totaled within the row.