TABLE 1

Demographic Characteristics of Patients With and Without SNHL by Age 2 y and Controls

Demographic CharacteristicsPatients With Normal Hearing (N = 78), n (%)Patients With SNHL (N = 11), n (%)Controls (N = 40), n (%)P
Sex.14
 Boy43 (55)8 (73)29 (73)
 Girl35 (45)3 (27)11 (28)
Mother’s age.88
 <20 y1 (1)0 (0)0 (0)
 20–29 y48 (62)7 (64)22 (55)
 30–39 y28 (36)4 (36)18 (45)
 40–49 y1 (1)0 (0)0 (0)
Mother’s race and/or ethnicity.68
 Non-Hispanic white64 (82)11 (100)35 (88)
 Non-Hispanic African American8 (10)0 (0)4 (10)
 Hispanic6 (8)0 (0)1 (3)
Mother’s marital status.65
 Single4 (5)0 (0)0 (0)
 Married70 (90)10 (91)37 (93)
 Divorced3 (4)1 (9)2 (5)
 Separated1 (1)0 (0)1 (3)
Mother’s education.37
 Up to high school graduate21 (27)1 (9)6 (15)
 Some college24 (31)6 (55)13 (33)
 Graduated college25 (32)2 (18)17 (43)
 Postgraduate degree8 (10)2 (18)4 (10)
Health insurance<.01
 None3 (4)0 (0)1 (2)
 Private and/or HMO60 (77)7 (64)19 (48)
 Medicaid0 (0)1 (9)0 (0)
 Other or unknown15 (19)3 (27)20 (50)
Socioeconomic status.35
 Low3 (4)1 (9)1 (2)
 Medium28 (36)4 (36)9 (23)
 High47 (60)6 (55)30 (75)
  • HMO, health maintenance organization.