TABLE 2

Comparison of Demographics and Clinical Outcomes of VLBW Infants With and Without Spontaneous PDA Closure Before Hospital Discharge

PDA Closure Group (n = 237)PDA Nonclosure Group (n = 43)P
GA, wk, mean ± SD29.2 ± 2.327.5 ± 2.0.0001
Birth wt, g, mean ± SD1145 ± 2641004 ± 239.001
ANSs, n (%)215 (91)37 (86).404
Multiple pregnancy, n (%)99 (42)19 (45).867
Sex: M/F50, 5044, 56.510
IUGR, n (%)41 (17)6 (14).665
Severe IVH (grade III and IV), n (%)2 (1)2 (5).113
PVL, n (%)4 (2)1 (2).573
BPD, n (%)24 (10)8 (19).123
NEC grade ≥IIb, n (%)2 (1)1 (2).395
ROP stage ≥III, n (%)4 (2)0 (0)>.999
  • Infants with natural course of DA only, n = 280.