TABLE 2

Fracture Locations and Characteristics by Age Group (Years)

0–5 (n = 120)a6–11 (n = 409)a12–15 (n = 910)a16–17 (n = 473)aAll (n = 1912)b, [n = 1060]cPd
Cervical spine0 (0)2 (0.5)21 (2.3)22 (4.7)45 (2.4), [4.3]<.001
Thoracolumbar spine1 (0.8)10 (2.4)79 (8.7)70 (14.8)160 (8.4), [15.1]<.001
Sternum or ribs4 (3.3)19 (4.7)67 (7.4)58 (12.3)148 (7.7), [14]<.001
Clavicle or scapula3 (2.5)14 (3.4)68 (7.5)42 (8.9)127 (6.6), [12].002
Humerus18 (15)43 (10.5)60 (6.6)10 (2.1)131 (6.9), [12.4]<.001
Radius or ulna2 (1.7)30 (7.3)94 (10.3)34 (7.2)160 (8.4), [15.1].005
Wrist0 (0)0 (0)9 (1)3 (0.6)12 (0.6), [1.1]e
Hand2 (1.7)11 (2.7)27 (3)20 (4.2)60 (3.1), [5.7].38
Pelvis or sacrum2 (1.7)17 (4.2)70 (7.7)47 (10)136 (7.1), [12.8].001
Femur14 (11.7)61 (14.9)111 (12.2)43 (9.1)229 (12), [21.6].07
Patella0 (0)4 (1)7 (0.8)4 (0.9)15 (0.8), [1.4]e
Tibia or fibula6 (5)27 (6.6)114 (12.5)41 (8.7)188 (9.8), [17.7].001
Ankle1 (0.8)7 (1.7)35 (3.9)20 (4.2)63 (3.3), [5.9].05
Foot2 (1.7)3 (0.7)22 (2.4)9 (1.9)36 (1.9), [3.4].23
Open fracture4 (3.3)36 (8.8)93 (10.2)31 (6.6)164 (8.6), [15.5].02
Extremity fracture42 (35)163 (39.9)374 (41.1)150 (31.7)729 (38.1), [68.8].005
  • a Count and (%) within age group.

  • b Count and (%) of population.

  • c [% of all fractures].

  • d χ2 test of association between age groups.

  • e Group size too small for χ2 analysis.