TABLE 1

Bivariate and Multivariate Analysis for the Identification of Risk Factors for Performing GID Procedures in the ED

BivariateMultivariate
POR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Region (ref North America)<.001
 South America<.0015.392 (2.917–9.967)10.895 (5.539–21.432)
 Western Europe.2150.578 (0.243–1.374)1.116 (0.455–2.738)
 Eastern Europe<.0014.009 (2.177–7.382)12.848 (6.523–25.306)
 Northern Europe.0100.188 (0.053–0.668)0.220 (0.061–0.792)
 Southern Europe<.0014.139 (2.322–7.377)8.167 (4.424–15.077)
 Eastern Mediterranean.0842.286 (0.894–5.843)4.724 (1.674–13.332)
 Western Pacific.1190.302 (0.067–1.362)0.363 (0.079–1.672)
Age (ref <1 y), y<.001
 1–6.0022.784 (1.468–5.281)2.577 (1.240–5.358)
 7–10.3971.485 (0.595–3.706)1.441 (0.511–4.065)
 ≥11.1601.613 (0.827–3.142)1.575 (0.567–4.371)
Previous contact with other medical or toxicology service (yes).4831.098 (0.845–1.427)
Presence of symptoms (yes)<.0010.501 (0.387–0.649)0.536 (0.377–0.763)
Physical examination (altered).0010.595 (0.434–0.817)
Method of poisoning (ref ingestion)<.001
 Inhalation<.0010.028 (0.004–0.201)0.104 (0.013–0.815)
 Other<.0010.059 (0.008–0.429)0.075 (0.010–0.587)
Mechanism of poisoning (ref unintentional)<.001
 Recreational<.0010.242 (0.130–0.453)2.032 (0.606–6.816)
 Suicide attempt.2101.234 (0.888–1.714)1.851 (0.784–4.368)
 Dosage error.1010.532 (0.250–1.130)0.345 (0.148–0.800)
 Other.4071.303 (0.698–2.433)1.921 (0.834–4.428)
Toxin category (ref drugs)<.001
 Ethanol and/or illicit drugs<.0010.076 (0.035–0.164)0.070 (0.023–0.211)
 Pesticides.7170.901 (0.514–1.580)0.523 (0.278–0.987)
 Household products<.0010.038 (0.0.17–0.087)0.024 (0.010–0.056)
 Carbon monoxide.997
 Other<.0010.360 (0.146–0.526)0.243 (0.157–0.377)
 Unknown.0220.095 (0.013–0.709)0.107 (0.013–0.892)
Contact with poison control center.2511.161 (0.900–1.498)