TABLE 1

Patient Characteristics

Total n = 172ECMO n = 43Non-ECMO n = 129P
Gestational age (wk)38.6 ± 1.839.0 ± 1.538.4 ± 1.8.08
Birth weight (kg)3.1 ± 0.53.2 ± 0.53.0 ± 0.5.08
Male (%)98 (57)27 (63)71 (55).37
Ethnicity.72
Dutch (%)143 (83)35 (81)108 (84)
Other (%)29 (17)8 (19)21 (16)
Prenatal diagnosis (%)107 (62)21 (49)86 (67).04
Left-sided hernia (%)151 (88)36 (84)115 (89).35
Age at surgery (d)4 (3–6)6 (4–13)3 (2–4)<.001
Patch repair (%)126 (73)39 (91)87 (67).003
Days of mechanical ventilation11 (6–23)31 (19–51)8 (5–15)<.001
Days of PICU stay21 (13–43)67 (33–99)17 (10–29)<.001
Days of initial hospital stay39 (21–70)90 (58–143)30 (20–51)<.001
Presence of chronic lung disease (%)76 (44)33 (77)43 (33)<.001
Need for Nissen fundoplication (%)20 (12)12 (28)8 (6)<.001
Gastrostomy placement17 (10)9 (21)8 (6).01a
  • Data are presented as mean ± SD, median (IQR) or number (percentage), as appropriate.

  • a Fisher’s exact test was used.