TABLE 1

Participant Characteristics According to Gender (N = 9295)

VariableMen (n = 4212)Women (n = 5083)P
Wave 1 age, mean (95% CI)15.1 (14.9 to 15.3)15.0 (14.7 to 15.2).001
Race/ethnicity.21
 Non-Hispanic white2401 (67.6)2835 (68.0)
 Non-Hispanic black774 (14.7)1135 (15.7)
 Hispanic675 (12.2)760 (11.9)
 Non-Hispanic other362 (5.5)353 (4.4)
Parental education.03
 <High school/high school alternative645 (15.2)925 (17.1)
 High school graduate or GED test1182 (30.2)1489 (32.6)
 Vocational/some college1272 (30.0)1411 (27.7)
 College graduate1113 (24.6)1258 (22.6)
Family history of obesitya .96
 No3227 (76.6)3906 (76.5)
 Yes985 (23.4)1177 (23.5)
Depressive symptoms, mean (95% CI)11.0 (10.7 to 11.3)13.5 (13.0 to 13.9)<.001
BMI, mean (95% CI)
 Wave 122.6 (22.3 to 22.8)22.3 (22.0 to 22.5).04
 Wave 223.2 (22.9 to 23.4)22.8 (22.5 to 23.1).01
 Wave 326.6 (26.2 to 26.9)26.8 (26.4 to 27.1).28
 Wave 429.0 (28.6 to 29.4)29.1 (28.7 to 29.5).73
DV
 Wave 2.58
  No2317 (88.5)3119 (87.9)
  Yes309 (11.5)401 (12.1)
 Wave 3<.001
  No2459 (70.5)2826 (64.9)
  Yes979 (29.5)1487 (35.1)
 Wave 4<.001
  No2960 (70.5)3991 (80.5)
  Yes1181 (29.5)1018 (19.5)
Childhood maltreatment
 Inadequate supervision.31
  No3706 (88.6)4554 (89.5)
  Yes506 (11.4)529 (10.5)
 Physical neglect<.001
  No3621 (85.5)4624 (90.8)
  Yes591 (14.5)459 (9.2)
 Physical abuse.51
  No3822 (91.5)4669 (92.0)
  Yes390 (8.5)414 (8.0)
 Sexual abuse.45
  No4036 (95.7)4834 (95.2)
  Yes176 (4.3)249 (4.8)
  • Unless otherwise indicated, data are presented as n (%). GED, General Educational Development.

  • a Defined by whether the respondent’s biological mother or father was obese as reported by the parental figure at baseline.