TABLE 4

Energy-Adjusted Results of Included Prospective Cohort Studies of Younger Children (Baseline Age <6 Years)

Change in BMI z Score Over Time Period
Baseline Age≤ 1-y β (95% CI)2-y β (95% CI)7-y β (95% CI)
1 ySonneville et al,12 0.17 (0.01 to 0.33)Sonneville et al,12 0.23 (0.05 to 0.40)
2–3 yNewby et al,24 0.06 (–0.032 to 0.152)
4 y
  • β, regression coefficient reported by each included study, which expresses the change in BMI z score per 1 6- to 8-oz serving/day increment in 100% fruit juice consumed over a period of ≤1 y, 2 y, or 7 y.