TABLE 3

aORs of Alcohol-Related MVC Deaths Among People <21 y Old Associated With a 10-Percentage-Point Increase in States’ APS Scores According to Sociodemographic Factors, US States, FARS, 2000–2013

aORa (95% CI)
SubcategoryOverallbDriversPassengers
Sex
 Male0.91 (0.89–0.94)0.92 (0.88–0.96)0.90 (0.85–0.94)
 Female0.89 (0.85–0.94)0.90 (0.84–0.98)0.87 (0.82–0.92)
Age
 0–15 yc0.93 (0.87–0.98)0.93 (0.87–0.98)
 16–17 y0.85 (0.81–0.91)0.85 (0.78–0.92)0.85 (0.78–0.93)
 18–20 y0.91 (0.88–0.95)0.92 (0.87–0.97)0.87 (0.81–0.94)
Race or ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic white0.93 (0.90–0.97)0.93 (0.89–0.97)0.93 (0.88–0.99)
 Non-Hispanic black0.95 (0.87–1.05)0.92 (0.77–1.04)0.95 (0.83–1.08)
 Hispanic0.93 (0.85–1.02)0.99 (0.86–1.14)0.87 (0.77–0.98)
 Other0.81 (0.76–0.87)0.78 (0.71–0.87)0.79 (0.72–0.87)
  • A 1-y lag was introduced between APS score and MVC fatalities (eg, states’ mortality rates from 2013 were associated with APS scores from 2012).

  • a All models adjusted for age, sex, race and ethnicity, year (as a categorical variable), and state-level covariates (proportion male, proportion ≥21 y old, race and ethnicity proportions, college education, median household income, level of urbanization, policing rates, and vehicle miles traveled). Alcohol-related MVCs were defined as those in which the BAC of ≥1 driver involved was ≥0.08%.

  • b “Overall” category includes not only drivers and passengers but also pedestrians, cyclists, and occupants of motor vehicles not in transit.

  • c Driver deaths were not examined for 0- to 15-y-old drivers because of small sample size.