TABLE 3

Perinatal Factors Prompting Laboratory Tests and Empirical Antibiotic Therapy for EOS Among Well-Appearing Term Infants

FactorLaboratory Tests (n = 71)Empirical Antibiotics (n = 66)
Which perinatal risk factor, in isolation, would result in the following intervention?
 Obstetric diagnosis of chorioamnionitis61 (85.9%)56 (84.8%)
 Maternal fever >38.3°C (no chorioamnionitis)22 (31.0%)10 (14.1%)
 Maternal fever 38°C –38.3°C (no chorioamnionitis)17 (23.9%)4 (6.1%)
 Rupture of membranes >24 h 15 (21.1%)2 (3.0%)
 Inadequate indicated GBS prophylaxis17 (23.9%)2 (3.0%)
 None of the above, if present in isolation7 (9.9%)6 (9.1%)