TABLE 1

Routes of Toxoplasma gondii Infection

1. Contact with soil contaminated with T gondii from cat feces
 Touching mouth with hands after gardening
 Cleaning a cat’s litter box
 Touching anything that has come into contact with cat feces
 Eating unwashed fruit or vegetables contaminated with soil
2. Contact with contaminated meat:
 Eating undercooked meat from infected animals, especially pork, lamb, or venison
 Touching mouth after handling raw contaminated meat
 Using kitchen utensils or chopping boards that have been in contact with raw contaminated meat
3. Other
 Drinking unpasteurized raw milk55
 Drinking contaminated water
 Receiving an infected organ transplant or blood transfusion (rare)
  • Adapted from ref 22.