TABLE 1

Formulas and Tables of Different Screening Methods for Elevated BP in Children and Adolescents

BPHR
 SBPHR = SBP (mm Hg)/height (cm)
 DBPHR = DBP (mm Hg)/height (cm)
MBPHR
 Modified SBPHR = SBP (mm Hg)/(height [cm] +7 × [13 – age in years])
 Modified DBPHR = DBP (mm Hg)/(height [cm] + 7 × [13 – age in years])
Age, yFormula
Diagnostic criteria formulas
 BP, mm Hg
  SBPBetween 1 and 17100 + (age in years × 2)
  DBPBetween 1 and 1060 + (age in years × 2)
Between 11 and 1770 + (age in years)
SBP, mm HgDBP, mm Hg
Mitchell et al12 table
 Age, y
  3 to <6≥100>60
  6 to <9≥105>70
  9 to <12≥110>75
  12 to <15≥115>75
  ≥15≥120≥80
Height range, cmSBP, mm HgDBP, mm Hg
Chiolero et al14 table
 Height category, cm
  80<8510461
  9085–9410765
  10095–10411068
  110105–11411272
  120115–12411476
  130125–13411778
  140135–14412080
  150145–15412381
  160155–16412883
  170165–17413185
  180>17513687
Boys, mm HgGirls, mm Hg
SBPDBPSBPDBP
Kaelber and Pickett13 table
 Age, y
  31005910061
  41026210164
  51046510366
  61056810468
  71067010669
  81077110871
  91097211072
  101117311273
  111137411474
  121157411675
  131177511776
  141207511977
  151207612078
  161207812078
  171208012078
  ≥181208012080
Boys, mm HgGirls, mm Hg
SBPDBPSBPDBP
Ardissino et al15 table
 Height, cm
  5597709970
  601066810868
  701106911170
  801045910560
  901086310764
  1001106710868
  1101137311072
  1201157911376
  1301178211779
  1401208311981
  1501248512383
  1601278512785
  1701278512785
  1801278512785
  19012785
  • —, no reference.