Logistic Regression Models Estimating Children's Health as a Function of Foster Care Placement: 2011–2012 NSCH

Model 1 (Unadjusted)Model 2 (+ Basic Controls)Model 3 (+ Extended Controls)
OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)
Fair or poor health1.35(0.65–2.80)0.97(0.45–2.11)0.75(0.34–1.68)
Learning disability2.09(1.29–3.38)1.90(1.13–3.21)1.18(0.71–1.95)
ADD or ADHD3.51(2.22–5.56)4.29(2.68–6.88)3.00(1.91–4.71)
Behavioral problems7.17(4.37–11.77)7.53(4.45–12.74)4.22(2.59–6.88)
Developmental delay2.25(1.36–3.72)2.03(1.21–3.41)1.21(0.71–2.05)
Speech problems2.56(1.40–4.68)2.68(1.41–5.08)1.91(1.01–3.61)
Hearing problems3.27(0.86–12.38)2.87(0.75–11.00)2.00(0.47–8.53)
Vision problems2.74(0.96–7.85)2.10(0.72–6.11)1.33(0.40–4.45)
Activity limitation2.15(1.34–3.44)1.85(1.12–3.06)1.25(0.76–2.08)
  • Each row represents a separate dependent variable. OR for foster care placement presented (1 = placed in foster care, 0 = not placed in foster care). Children adopted from foster care (N = 1075) excluded from table. Model 2 adjusts for the following: child age, child is a girl, child born low birth weight, child race/ethnicity, and child first- or second-generation immigrant. Model 3 adjusts for all variables in Model 2 and the following: mother age, parent highest educational attainment, parent married to child's biological father, parent unemployed, family often has difficulty getting by on its income, household member receives welfare, household member receives WIC, household income below the poverty line, parent owns home, child health insurance, child saw doctor in past year, parent in fair or poor health, household member smokes inside home, and neighborhood not always safe for child. All analyses account for the sampling design.