TABLE 2

Baseline Characteristics of Patients Discharged With and Without Morbidities

Baseline CharacteristicsPatients Discharged (n = 2183)No Morbidity (n = 513)Pulmonary Morbidity (n = 660)Neurological Morbidity (n = 446)Gastrointestinal Morbidity (n = 1348)
Female854 (39.1)207 (40.4)250 (37.9)179 (39.7)523 (38.8)
Prenatal diagnosis1357 (62.2)246 (49.0)504 (76.3)a323 (72.3)a908(67.4)a
Outborn1209 (55.4)277 (54.1)327 (49.5)228 (51.0)787(58.3)
Preterm (<37 wk EGA)385 (17.6)78 (15.2)163 (24.7)a121 (27.1)a248 (18.4)
Low birth wt (<1500 g)25 (1.2)2 (0.4)14 (2.1)a16 (3.6)a14 (1.0)
Major cardiac anomaly83 (3.8)8 (1.6)58 (8.8)a21 (4.7)a50 (4.5)a
Chromosomal anomaly73 (3.4)8 (1.6)46 (7.0)a31 (6.9)a57 (4.2)a
Low 5-min Apgar score (<7)605 (29.3)102 (20.8)276 (43.5)a186 (42.9)a411 (32.6)a
Left-sided defect1856 (85.1)445 (86.7)511 (77.5)a360 (80.7)a1139 (84.4)
ECMO435 (19.9)14 (2.7)269 (40.7)a212 (47.4)a362 (26.8)a
Patch repair980 (45.0)108 (21.1)480 (77.0)a294 (66.2)a736 (54.6)a
Defect sitebbb
 A370 (17.1)129 (25.3)44 (6.7)40 (9.1)183 (13.6)
 B979 (45.1)283 (55.5)181 (27.6)137 (31.2)543 (40.4)
 C644 (29.7)88 (17.3)312 (47.5)183 (41.7)474 (35.3)
 D177 (8.2)10 (2.0)120 (18.3)79 (18 0)144 (10.7)
  • Data are presented as n (%). ECMO, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

  • a P < .01 when compared with patients without morbidities via χ2.

  • b P < .01 when all defect sizes are compared with patients without morbidities via the χ2 test.