TABLE 1

Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Hospitalized Children Discharged to HH Services and Their Matched Controls

CharacteristicsHH Cases N (%)Non-HH Controls N (%)Pa
N27837361
Age at admission of index hospitalization
 <30 d573 (20.6)1806 (24.5)<.001
 30 d to 1 y456 (16.4)1249 (17)
 1–5 y633 (22.8)1562 (21.2)
 5–12 y500 (18)1277 (17.4)
 12–17 y621 (22.3)1467 (19.9)
Race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic white1715 (61.6)4585 (62.3).93
 Non-Hispanic black458 (16.5)1160 (15.8)
 Hispanic326 (11.7)855 (11.6)
 Asian38 (1.4)97 (1.3)
 Other246 (8.8)664 (9.0)
Payor
 Private1500 (53.9)3197 (43.4)<.001
 Government1157 (41.6)3193 (43.4)
 Other payor126 (4.5)971 (13.2)
CCCsb
 Any CCC1907 (68.5)4816 (65.4).003
 Cardiovascular523 (18.8)1333 (18.1).43
 Neuromuscular1025 (36.8)2564 (34.8).06
 Respiratory448 (16.1)1043 (14.2).01
 Renal178 (6.4)427 (5.8).26
 Gastrointestinal925 (33.2)2256 (30.7).01
 Hematology and immunodeficiency102 (3.7)225 (3.1).12
 Metabolic238 (8.6)527 (7.2).02
 Other congenital or genetic defect604 (21.7)1527 (20.7).29
 Malignancy54 (1.9)110 (1.5).11
Number of CCCs
 0876 (31.5)2545 (34.6).006
 1760 (27.3)2025 (27.5)
 2537 (19.3)1359 (18.5)
 3+610 (21.9)1432 (19.5)
Technology assistance1128 (40.5)2624 (35.7)<.001
Neurologic impairment1133 (40.7)2747 (37.3).002
  • a P values were determined from χ2 tests.

  • b The rows of data for CCCs are not mutually exclusive; therefore, P values were calculated for each category to show comparisons between cases and controls.