TABLE 1

Beliefs About the Harm of e-Cigarettes, Cigars, and Smokeless Tobacco Compared With Cigarettes

Belief About Harm of Listed Product Compared With Cigarettesa
Less HarmfulEqually HarmfulMore HarmfulUnaware of ProductDon’t Know EnoughP
Electronic cigarettes
 Overall50.7 (1.1)15.2 (0.4)3.5 (0.2)3.8 (0.2)26.8 (0.9)
 Gender<.001
  Male54.8 (1.2)12.8 (0.4)3.8 (0.3)3.4 (0.3)25.2 (0.9)
  Female46.7 (1.2)17.5 (0.6)3.2 (0.2)4.2 (0.3)28.4 (1.1)
 Age<.001
  <15 y45.0 (0.9)13.6 (0.4)3.8 (0.3)5.8 (0.4)31.8 (0.7)
  ≥15 y56.0 (1.6)16.7 (0.6)3.2 (0.2)1.9 (0.2)22.2 (1.2)
 Ethnicity<.001
  Non-Hispanic white56.4 (1.3)15.5 (0.6)2.3 (0.2)2.7 (0.2)23.1 (1.0)
  Non-Hispanic black42.2 (2.1)14.1 (1.1)5.6 (0.5)5.9 (0.8)32.2 (1.4)
  Hispanic45.2 (1.2)16.2 (0.6)4.8 (0.4)4.5 (0.3)29.2 (1.0)
  Other or missing41.5 (2.0)12.9 (1.0)4.6 (0.6)5.5 (0.7)35.6 (2.2)
Cigars, cigarillos, or little cigars
 Overall16.2 (0.5)31.0 (0.5)15.5 (0.4)4.2 (0.2)33.2 (0.6)
 Gender<.001
  Male18.8 (0.7)28.1 (0.6)19.1 (0.6)3.8 (0.3)30.3 (0.8)
  Female13.6 (0.7)33.9 (0.7)12.0 (0.5)4.5 (0.2)36.1 (0.8)
 Age<.001
  <15 y12.3 (0.5)25.9 (0.6)14.9 (0.6)6.3 (0.3)40.7 (0.6)
  ≥15 y19.9 (0.8)35.7 (0.7)16.2 (0.7)2.1 (0.2)26.1 (0.7)
 Ethnicity<.001
  Non-Hispanic white17.9 (0.8)32.8 (0.6)15.2 (0.6)3.2 (0.3)30.9 (0.8)
  Non-Hispanic black17.9 (1.0)26.3 (1.7)15.2 (1.0)5.3 (0.5)35.3 (1.3)
  Hispanic12.8 (0.7)31.1 (0.9)16.3 (0.6)5.0 (0.4)34.9 (1.0)
  Other or missing10.8 (0.9)26.6 (1.5)16.5 (1.3)6.5 (0.7)39.6 (1.6)
Chewing tobacco, snuff, dip, or snus
 Overall13.0 (0.6)32.0 (0.7)19.4 (0.6)3.2 (0.2)32.5 (0.7)
 Gender<.001
  Male15.7 (0.9)30.2 (0.8)20.3 (0.8)3.1 (0.2)30.8 (0.8)
  Female10.3 (0.5)33.8 (0.8)18.4 (0.6)3.2 (0.3)34.3 (0.9)
 Age<.001
  <15 y10.5 (0.6)26.5 (0.6)18.0 (0.7)4.9 (0.3)40.0 (0.8)
  ≥15 y15.3 (0.7)37.2 (0.8)20.5 (0.9)1.5 (0.2)25.4 (0.9)
 Ethnicity<.001
  Non-Hispanic white16.1 (1.0)35.8 (0.9)17.6 (0.8)1.9 (0.2)28.6 (0.9)
  Non-Hispanic black7.8 (0.9)26.0 (1.2)22.1 (1.2)5.3 (0.6)38.8 (1.3)
  Hispanic9.5 (0.5)28.2 (1.0)22.8 (1.0)4.3 (0.3)35.2 (0.9)
  Other or missing9.9 (0.8)26.0 (1.1)18.0 (1.3)5.5 (0.6)40.5 (1.9)
  • a Weighted percentages with SEs in parentheses are displayed.