TABLE 4

ORs of Influenza Vaccination From Logistic Regression Models, US Children Aged 4 to 17 Years, 2012

VariableAny AMS Any BBT (Except Multivitamins/Multiminerals) (n = 9799)Multivitamins or Multiminerals (n = 9803)Any MBBT (n = 9804)Any MBT (n = 9805)Any CAM (n = 9759)
(n = 9812)(n = 9799)(n = 9803)(n = 9804)(n = 9805)(n = 9759)
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Unadjusted logistic regression
 Ever used any AMS type for health reasons (ref: no)0.66 (0.49–0.90)**0.70 (0.50– 0.96)*
 Ever used any BBT type (except multivitamins/multiminerals) for health reasons (ref: no)0.87 (0.71– 1.05)0.93 (0.75 to 1.17)
 Ever used multivitamins/multiminerals for health reasons (ref: no)1.24 (1.10–1.39)***1.26 (1.13–1.42)***
 Ever used any MBBT type for health reasons (ref: no)0.69 0.55–0.87)**0.71 (0.56–0.90)**
 Ever used any MBT type for health reasons (ref: no)1.01 (0.80–1.27)1.12 (0.88–1.43)
(n = 8989)(n = 8982)(n = 8984)(n = 8981)(n = 8983)(n = 8947)
aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)
Multivariate logistic regression
 Ever used any AMS type for health reasons (ref: no)0.61 (0.44–0.85)**0.64 (0.45–0.91)*
 Ever used any BBT type (except multivitamins/multiminerals) for health reasons (ref: no)0.83 (0.68–1.02)0.91 (0.73–1.14)
 Ever used multivitamins/multiminerals for health reasons (ref: no)1.12 (0.98–1.28)1.13 (0.99–1.29)
 Ever used any MBBT type for health reasons (ref: no)0.74 (0.58–0.94)*0.78 (0.61–1.00)
 Ever used any MBT type for health reasons (ref: no)1.01 (0.78–1.32)1.14 (0.86–1.50)
 Female (versus male)1.00 (0.89–1.13)1.00 (0.88–1.13)1.01 (0.89–1.14)1.00 (0.89–1.14)1.00 (0.88–1.13)1.01 (0.89–1.14)
 Age (years, decreasing)1.06 (1.05–1.08)***1.06 (1.05–1.08)***1.06 (1.05–1.08)***1.06 (1.04–1.07)***1.06 (1.05–1.08)***1.06 (1.04–1.07)***
 Race/ethnicity (ref: non-Hispanic white)
 Non-Hispanic black or African American1.02 (0.87–1.21)1.04 (0.88–1.23)1.05 (0.88–1.23)1.02 (0.86–1.20)1.04 (0.88–1.22)1.01 (0.86–1.20)
 Non-Hispanic Asian1.90 (1.45–2.47)***1.92 (1.47–2.50)***1.91 (1.46–2.49)***1.87 (1.44–2.44)***1.91 (1.47–2.49)***1.87 (1.44–2.44)***
 Non-Hispanic other or multiple race1.42 (1.05–1.90)*1.43 (1.06–1.92)*1.40 (1.04–1.88)*1.42 (1.05–1.92)*1.41 (1.05–1.90)*1.42 (1.06–1.91)*
 Any Hispanic1.34 (1.13–1.58)**1.35 (1.14–1.59)***1.35 (1.14–1.59)***1.34 (1.13–1.58)**1.35 (1.15–1.60)***1.34 (1.13–1.58)**
 Has a usual source of care to go to (versus does not)1.38 (0.99–1.93)1.39 (0.99–1.93)1.41 (1.01–1.97)*1.40 (1.00–1.95)*1.40 (1.00–1.95)1.39 (0.99–1.95)
 Well-child visit, previous 12 mo (versus had none)2.22 (1.92–2.55)***2.22 (1.92–2.55)***2.22 (1.93–2.56)***2.20 (1.91–2.53)***2.22 (1.92–2.55)***2.20 (1.91–2.53)***
 No. of physician visits, previous 12 mo (ref: none)
  11.16 (0.92–1.47)1.17 (0.92–1.48)1.15 (0.90–1.45)1.15 (0.91–1.46)1.16 (0.91–1.47)1.16 (0.91–1.47)
  2–31.74 (1.38–2.19)***1.76 (1.40–2.21)***1.70 (1.35–2.14)***1.75 (1.38–2.20)***1.73 (1.38–2.18)***1.73 (1.37–2.19)***
  4–51.99 (1.55–2.56)***2.00 (1.56–2.57)***1.93 (1.51–2.47)***1.98 (1.54–2.54)***1.97 (1.53–2.52)***1.98 (1.54–2.55)***
  ≥62.17 (1.67–2.83)***2.18 (1.68–2.83)***2.08 (1.60–2.70)***2.17 (1.66–2.82)***2.13 (1.64–2.78)***2.19 (1.68–2.86)***
 Child has ≥1 serious chronic condition/limitationa (versus not)1.17 (0.88–1.55)1.17 (0.88–1.55)1.15 (0.87–1.53)1.20 (0.91–1.60)1.17 (0.87–1.55)1.22 (0.92–1.62)
 Child has ever been told they have asthma (versus not)1.33 (1.14–1.55)***1.32 (1.14–1.54)***1.33 (1.14–1.55)***1.33 (1.14–1.55)***1.32 (1.13–1.54)***1.32 (1.13–1.54)***
 Child is foreign-born (versus born in the United States)1.29 (1.01–1.66)*1.29 (1.00–1.65)*1.27 (<1.00–1.63)1.29 (1.01–1.65)*1.27 (1.00–1.65)*1.29 (1.00–1.65)*
 Insurance type (ref: any private)
  Public only1.19 (0.99, 1.42)1.19 (<1.00–1.42)1.19 (<1.00–1.43)1.19 (<1.00–1.43)1.19 (<1.00–1.43)1.19 (0.99–1.42)
  No coverage0.69 (0.52–0.91)*0.69 (0.52–0.92)*0.69 (0.52–0.92)*0.69 (0.52–0.91)**0.69 (0.52–0.91)*0.68 (0.51–0.90)**
 Highest family education (ref: bachelor’s degree or higher)
  Less than high school1.24 (0.98–1.57)1.24 (0.98–1.58)1.27 (1.00–1.62)*1.26 (0.99–1.60)1.26 (0.99–1.60)1.27 (<1.00–1.63)
  High school or GED0.97 (0.82–1.15)0.98 (0.83–1.16)1.00 (0.85–1.18)0.97 (0.83–1.15)0.99 (0.84–1.17)0.98 (0.82–1.15)
  Associate’s degree or some college (no degree)0.83 (0.72–0.96)*0.83 (0.72–0.96)*0.83 (0.72–0.96)*0.83 (0.71–0.96)*0.84 (0.72–0.97)*0.83 (0.71–0.96)*
 Family income, % of federal poverty level (ref: <100%)
  100%–199%1.10 (0.91–1.33)1.09 (0.91–1.32)1.08 (0.90–1.31)1.09 (0.91–1.32)1.09 (0.91–1.32)1.08 (0.90–1.31)
  ≥200%1.23 (<1.00–1.51)1.24 (1.00–1.52)*1.22 (0.99–1.50)1.23 (1.00–1.52)*1.23(<1.00–1.52)1.21 (0.99–1.50)
Interview only in English language (versus other language)1.03 (0.84–1.27)1.03 (0.83–1.27)1.02 (0.83–1.26)1.05 (0.85–1.29)1.03 (0.84–1.28)1.03 (0.83–1.27)
  • Odds ratios (ORs) weighted to be nationally representative; SEs adjusted for complex survey design. aOR, adjusted odds ratios.

  • a Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, autism or autism spectrum disorder, type 1 diabetes mellitus, arthritis, congenital heart disease, or other heart condition.

  • * P < .05.

  • ** P < .01.

  • *** P < .001.