TABLE 1

Characteristics of Soccer-Related Injuries Among Children 7 to 17 Years of Age Treated in US EDs by Age Group, 1990–2014

Age Group
7–11 y12–17 y7–17 y
N (%)a95% CIN (%)a95% CIN (%)a95% CI
Gender
 Male487 121 (59.6)375 738–598 5031 176 231 (54.0)922 291–1 430 1701 663 351 (55.5)1 304 036–2 022 667
 Female329 792 (40.4)250 790–408 7941 002 313 (46.0)745 685–1 258 9411 332 105 (44.5)999 968–1 664 242
 Subtotalb816 913 (100.0)628 501–1 005 3242 178 544 (100.0)1 671 919–2 685 1682 995 456 (100.0)2 308 880–3 682 032
Locale of injury
 Sport or recreational place411 899 (65.1)286 203–537 5961 192 890 (69.8)844 167–1 541 6131 604 790 (68.5)1 133 882–2 075 697
 School167 513 (26.5)123 171–211 855435 378 (25.5)305 098–565 657602 890 (25.7)434 049–771 732
 Other place53 689 (8.5)38 573–68 80580 022 (4.7)56 121–103 922133 711 (5.7)95 300–172 121
 Subtotalb633 101 (100.0)466 080–800 1231 708 289 (100.0)1 260 160–2 156 4192 341 391 (100.0)1 732 663–2 950 118
Mechanism of injury
 Struck by210 489 (38.0)163 783–257 195555 968 (38.8)428 931–683 004766 457 (38.5)596 618–936 295
 Fell199 280 (35.9)147 431–251 130372 471 (26.0)275 839–469 104571 752 (28.7)424 953–718 551
 Twisted49 139 (8.9)36 444–61 833205 764 (14.3)150 906–260 621254 902 (12.8)188 751–321 053
 Struck on50 005 (9.0)38 700–61 310117 088 (8.2)91 240–142 936167 093 (8.4)131 273–202 912
 Collided16 494 (3.0)11 871–21 11895 475 (6.7)68 212–122 738111 970 (5.6)80 851–143 088
 Struck17 135 (3.1)11 873–22 39846 043 (3.2)26 589–65 49763 178 (3.2)38 861–87 495
 Other11 955 (2.2)9027–14 88441 719 (2.9)31 516–51 92353 675 (2.7)41 038–66 311
 Subtotalb554 498 (100.0)425 305–683 6911 434 528 (100.0)1 088 847–1 780 2101 989 026 (100.0)1 522 272–2 455 780
Associated person or object
 Another player142 835 (49.7)110 245–175 424523 515 (68.8)401 231–645 800666 350 (63.5)514 727–817 972
 Ball110 857 (38.5)87 479–134 235181 720 (23.9)139 224–224 216292 577 (27.9)228 558–356 596
 Other33 988 (11.8)25 535–42 44255 909 (7.3)42 089–69 72889 897 (8.6)68 814–110 980
 Subtotalb287 680 (100.0)224 433–350 926761 144 (100.0)584 794–937 4951 048 824 (100.0)814 783–1 282 865
Total (row %)816 975 (27.3)628 557–1 005 3932 178 790 (72.7)1 672 105–2 685 4752 995 765 (100.0)2 309 112–3 682 418
Body region injured
 Upper extremity222 833 (27.3)169 207–276 459396 813 (18.2)301 764–491 861619 646 (20.7)472 786–766 505
 Ankle99 479 (12.2)75 425–123 533432 344 (19.9)330 428–534 259531 823 (17.8)407 513–656 133
 Head or neck124 239 (15.2)93 102–155 376404 356 (18.6)301 808–506 904528 595 (17.7)396 764–660 425
 Knee75 038 (9.2)57 577–92 499260 526 (12.0)197 018–324 035335 564 (11.2)256 302–414 827
 Foot or toe87 483 (10.7)66 885–108 081204 786 (9.4)159 242–250 331292 269 (9.8)227 468–357 070
 Hand or finger113 490 (13.9)86 184–140 796174 373 (8.0)133 210–215 537287 864 (9.6)220 954–354 773
 Upper or lower leg46 379 (5.7)35 931–56 826151 743 (7.0)118 105–185 381198 121 (6.6)155 233–241 010
 Trunk42 992 (5.3)31 931–54 054141 842 (6.5)109 202–174 482184 834 (6.2)142 189–227 480
 Other4471 (0.5)2936–600710 990 (0.5)7622–14 35715 461 (0.5)10 845–20 077
 Subtotalb816 404 (100.0)628 195–1 004 6132 177 773 (100.0)1 671 221–2 684 3242 994 177 (100.0)2 307 849–3 680 504
Diagnosis
 Sprain or strain242 814 (29.8)184 537–301 092793 437 (36.5)605 333–981 5421 036 252 (34.6)793 141–1 279 362
 Fracture231 776 (28.4)172 192–291 360461 611 (21.2)350 276–572 945693 387 (23.2)524 197–862 577
 Soft tissue injury192 396 (23.6)151 848–232 944463 469 (21.3)359 957–566 982655 865 (21.9)514 581–797 149
 Concussion/CHI45 016 (5.5)30 395–59 637172 346 (7.9)122 441–222 251217 362 (7.3)153 950–280 775
 Other56 598 (6.9)38 389–74 807139 166 (6.4)88 981–189 350195 764 (6.5)128 384–263 144
 Laceration40 339 (4.9)31 844–48 833102 626 (4.7)79 025–126 227142 964 (4.8)111 620–174 309
 Dislocation6793 (0.8)4920–866743 747 (2.0)32 376–55 11850 540 (1.7)37 802–63 279
 Subtotalb815 732 (100.0)627 508–1 003 9572 176 402 (100.0)1 670 300–2 682 5042 992 134 (100.0)2 306 258–3 678 011
Disposition from ED
 Treated and released803 271 (98.4)618 137–988 4042 139 216 (98.2)1 639 686–2 638 7472 942 487 (98.3)2 266 201–3 618 773
 Admitted11 459 (1.4)8244–14 67533 107 (1.5)26 082–40 13144 566 (1.5)34 685–54 447
 Left against medical advice1756 (0.2)972–25405779 (0.3)3333–82257535 (0.3)4496–10 574
 Subtotalb2 178 102 (100.0)1 671 436–2 684 767816 486 (100.0)628 203–1 004 7692 994 588 (100.0)2 308 047–3 681 129
Total (row %)816 975 (27.3)628 557–1 005 3932 178 790 (72.7)1 672 105–2 685 4752 995 765 (100.0)2 309 112–3 682 418
  • a Percentages may not sum to 100.0% because of rounding error.

  • b Subtotal may not be equal to the age group or study total because of missing values.